The charity commissioner has more power than the Australian Securities and Investments Commission commissioner and the commissioner of taxation and, if proposed reforms are passed, will soon be able to penalise charities if their members are suspected of committing minor offences (such as not moving on when directed by police, or trespassing) even if they’re never charged.
It’s been deemed an unconstitutional overreach by many in the sector, as well as unnecessary: in Senate estimates it was revealed only two “activist” charities lost their charity status for breaking the law, yet 59,000 charities will be affected by the reforms.
It’s a strange U-turn from a government that before coming into power advocated against the sector’s regulator, the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission (ACNC), and its wide-reaching powers.
Organisations have also warned they’re becoming so wrapped up in red tape they’re spending less and less time and resources on providing key services.
The reforms bolster existing government standards. Currently ACNC commissioner Gary Johns can deregister a charity if its members are suspected of committing a serious offence and show a pattern or likely purpose in engaging in unlawful activities.
The reforms will extend this to summary, or minor, offences. Charity law adviser Murray Baird tells Crikey the legislation could have wide-ranging consequences.
“When it comes down to summary offences … that takes you into the area of things that can happen at a protest rally or just in normal day-to-day affairs of a charity,” he said.
“That’s why this is so insidious. It’s a disproportionate burden, but it’s also discriminatory.”
More than 200 charities are drafting an open letter against the reforms, and law firms have deemed the change “unconstitutional”. In a submission to the draft legislation, law firm Arnold Bloch Leibler slammed the reforms as being a “clear fetter on freedom of political communication and on dissent by civil society”.
The current standards for serious offences have been criticised for years; a 2018 review found they’re inappropriate because avenues to deal with lawbreakers — regardless of their association with a charity — already exist.
In estimates, Johns rebuffed the idea the reforms would have a major impact on the ground.
“Our approach is as it’s always been, nothing has really changed,” he said. “We’re not a police force or a court. We would wait for others to reassure us that an offence has taken place, then we would think about approaching the charity and having discussions with it.”
So why implement the reforms at all? Community Council of Australia CEO David Crosbie tells Crikey there were concerns the reforms could be used to target specific charities, though he says it seemed like a roundabout method.
“There must be [fewer] than 20 charities [the government has] serious concerns about, so to impose an incredibly onerous requirement for charities to monitor all their supporters and staff and make sure they’re not supporting any action that may involve a summary event [is strange].”
The reforms could, however, be a kind of “Trojan horse” to crack down on charities where states had gone soft by penalising protestors and people who trespass, Crosbie said.
Half a decade of halting charities
The Coalition’s tightening on charities is nothing new: MPs initially opposed the creation of the ACNC in early 2013, arguing it shouldn’t have policing powers and against the commission’s “extraordinary overreach”. Unlike the commissioner of taxation, the ACNC commissioner can keep the reason for revoking a charity’s status secret and, unlike the ASIC’s head, can not only remove a charity’s leader but can replace them with a person of their choosing.
The Abbott government also introduced a bill to repeal the ACNC and have charities regulated by the Australian Tax Office, despite overwhelming support for the ACNC within the sector.
But after appointing Johns in 2017, the government changed its tune and soon began fighting for the regulator to have more powers. It introduced laws to limit the use of donations from overseas for advocacy, started writing warning letters to charities using their platform for advocacy, proposed environmental groups spend at least a quarter of their money on non-activist work, such as revegetation — an initiative supported by the mining lobby — and has continuously pushed for some environmental and animal rights charities to lose their charity taxation status.
As Labor’s Andrew Leigh put it: “[The Coalition] believes social service charities should serve soup at a soup kitchen but shouldn’t talk about poverty.” The Coalition argues these reforms strengthen the public’s faith in the charity sector.
Johns’ appointment has been widely criticised: he has previously called Indigenous mothers “cash cows”, criticised Beyond Blue for saying LGBTI Australians faced greater mental health risks because of “violence, prejudice and discrimination”, has argued for mandatory contraception for welfare recipients and accused charities of being “campaigns to give aid to Third World kleptomaniacs“.
Staff morale dropped following his appointment.
Last August, as charities struggled during the pandemic, Johns said groups should look to themselves for solutions and that waiting for the government’s help would be a mistake. “Don’t wait for a government to come up with an answer,” he said.
He’s also been criticised for his spending, racking up a huge bill taking near-weekly return flights from his home city of Brisbane to Melbourne, where the ACNC office is, costing taxpayers more than $300,000 in accommodation, flights and travel allowance since he took the role.
Conversely, Johns is an advocate for reducing red tape for the charity sector. A recent report found one in five charities believe current regulations are a huge barrier to fundraising, with the proposed legislation likely to complicate things.
The sector is vital
There are more than 59,000 charities in Australia, employing 1.38 million staff — or 11% of the workforce and contributing 8.5% to the GDP. The government increasingly relies on charities to deliver key outsourced government programs and services such as community housing and food programs.
“Every time we get criticised as charities, we get criticised for spending too much time on administration and not enough delivering frontline services,” Crosbie said.
We’re already more regulated than business, we have to provide an annual report to the charities regulator, we have to comply with a whole range of funding requirements for any money we get from governments.
Philanthropy Australia CEO Jack Heath tells Crikey charities are more important now than ever, and the reforms would have a huge impact on donations.
“Following bushfires, droughts, floods and COVID-19, the importance of the charitable sector is greater than it’s ever been before,” he said.
“These regulations are going to make it harder for charities to be able to fundraise, but also just to exercise those basic advocacy platforms and programs that have been so fundamental to what we accept as providing basic human rights.”
The ACNC referred Crikey to comments made in Senate estimates and said Johns was appointed to the role based on a merit-based selection process. Assistant Treasurer Michael Sukkar didn’t respond to Crikey’s request for a comment.
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