The number of Holden cars sold in February 2021? Zero.
This year is the first in over a century that no Holden products were sold in Australia. Evolving from its origins as a South Australian saddlery to its zenith as an Australian icon took decades. Collapsing into nothingness took just a few years.
In 2020 General Motors unceremoniously shut the beloved Aussie brand citing “investment thresholds, including delivering an appropriate return”.
In the great and long-running battle of Ford v Holden, a winner has emerged — not on the track, but in the discounted future cashflows model. The global brand has beaten the local brand because of returns to scale.
Get Crikey FREE to your inbox every weekday morning with the Crikey Worm.
Why Holden closed
General Motors stated it had to be a global company and the Holden badge, operating only in Australia and New Zealand, was simply too small to scale up. The following comes from the press release that announced the “retiring” of the brand:
… More broadly is the issue of scale. The global consolidation of the automotive industry has made it increasingly challenging to support a brand and a business that operates in only two markets, which represent less than 1% of the global industry.
A major company like General Motors has no time for a two-bit brand that has currency in only a couple of markets. It has serious brands to think about, like Chevrolet, Buick and Cadillac.
But a lot of Aussies still have huge affection for Holden. Could it have a second act? After all, there’s a big market for used car brands these days.
A new opportunity
The fastest-growing major vehicle brand in Australia is MG. That used to be a British marque but it is now owned by Shanghai-based manufacturer SAIC and its British manufacturing is closed. Sales of MGs in Australia rose 160% in the year to date compared with the same time last year. That kind of growth is far enough ahead of its nearest major competitor to be astonishing.
Among minor competitors, breathtaking growth can also be found at LDV. The brand of a former Birmingham-based van maker is now another asset of SAIC. LDV makes the kind of big utes Australians are deeply in love with and by selling them for under $40,000 each is doing very brisk business. Sales are up 79% compared to the same period last year.
Could Holden be the brand name a Chinese automotive company needs to launch its vehicles in the West?
There are dozens of such companies, many of which are making huge strides in battery vehicles. It is worth noting that one reason for the success of MG in Australia is it has launched a cheap electric vehicle and is one of very few manufacturers trying to sell it in serious volumes.
Would you drive a battery-powered Chinese-owned Holden Commodore? History says you just might.
Using foreign words for a successful brand image abroad is a proven strategy. Matsushita Electric Industrial became Panasonic. Tokyo Tsūshin became Sony. The fashion label Comme des Garcons is Japanese. And it’s not just Asian firms that use Western-sounding names to give their products cachet. It also goes the other way: Ginsu knives are American, and Matsui electronics is British.
Poaching brand image from another country’s culture is a time-tested strategy. (Hello UK institution Pret a Manger!)
The first generation of Chinese cars that came to Australia was a flop. Great Wall was an easy one for Aussies to pronounce but the brand spoke proudly of its Chinese heritage, and frankly it was too early in the evolution of Chinese automotive manufacturing for that. When the Great Wall Motors Company launched the SUV brand Haval it immediately had more luck. Sales of the Haval H2 are up 156.2% so far in 2021.
The origins of the Haval name are hard to pin down but one online rumour has it as a contraction of “have value” (i.e. it’s cheap). It certainly doesn’t sound Chinese. But does the Haval nameplate really resonate with consumers? Not as much as a Holden badge would.
A PR masterstroke
A Chinese company buying the Holden label for peanuts and using it to sell Chinese-made cars to us is one thing. But could we entirely rule out Chinese investment money opening a Holden manufacturing plant in this country? Perhaps not now — probably not under Xi Jinping and Scott Morrison. But what if one day there was a détente?
It would be a PR masterstroke — and a powerful piece of wedge politics — giving Australians back the Holden brand we so loved and the manufacturing heritage of which we were so proud … but only if we accept Chinese ownership.
Stranger things have happened.
General Motors was contacted for this story about its intentions for the Holden brand but did not respond before deadline.