Chief of Army Lieutenant General Rick Burr (Image: AAP/Rohan Thomson)

The long-awaited inquiry into alleged war crimes by Australian special forces in Afghanistan is likely to trigger the next stage of a dark chapter in Australia’s military history.

But questions remain about how independent and transparent the process of implementing the recommendations of the report will be.

So far there have been encouraging signs that defence is willing to address the allegations head-on. Military sociologist Samantha Crompvoets, whose report sparked the probe, has spoken to the media ahead of the report being made public.

And a special investigator’s office, which will be led by a senior barrister or retired judge, will be set up to gather evidence to use in criminal prosecutions.

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Yet experts say the three men in charge of implementing changes stemming from the report — chief of army Lieutenant General Rick Burr, head of special forces Major General Adam Findlay and chief of the defence force General Angus Campbell — could have a conflict of interest given their backgrounds in the Special Air Service Regiment.

Defence’s response will be led from Burr’s office, with advice from Findlay.

Glenn Kolomeitz, a former military lawyer and ex-army officer, told Crikey he had little faith in the ability of senior defence personnel to implement change.

“We’ve had inquiry after inquiry … and at the end of each inquiry, defence says, ‘yep, we’re changing our culture, implementing these recommendations’, yet nothing changes.”

He said the only way for the public to have more faith in the process was to have more external oversight of investigations.

“I know [senior defence officials] are very experienced, very capable,” he said. “But they’re walking into this in a uniform, a very senior uniform. And the perception of that alone rings alarm bells.”

Transparency International Australia chief executive Serena Lillywhite said she welcomed the establishment of a special investigator’s office, but that independence and transparency would be critical in terms of addressing cultural change.

“In matters such as this, clearly an internal investigation is not going to be good enough,” she said.

She said the case of David McBride, the military lawyer who is facing jail for blowing the whistle on the “Afghan files”, had undermined the integrity of the defence force in addressing systemic failings.

“The question really remains, is there a systemic integrity failing within the Australian Defence Forces that leads to a culture of silence and impunity?” she said.

“It would not be appropriate to only have the Department of Defence investigating this.”

Scott Morrison has told reporters that he is satisfied Campbell and Burr had appropriately declared their conflicts of interest. Defence told The Australian that Campbell’s and Burr’s military service was “a matter of public record”.

Do the defence bosses who’ll implement any inquiry recommendations have a conflict of interest? Let us know your thoughts by writing to letters@crikey.com.au. Please include your full name to be considered for publication in Crikey’s Your Say column.