Aung San Suu Kyi Myanmar
State Counselor of Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi

The emergence of the insurgent Arakan Army (AA) in Myanmar’s troubled Rakhine State has underscored the increasingly complex conflict between the military, Rohingya people and local Buddhist nationalists that has been ongoing since the nation's independence in 1948 (and, arguably, long before).

The AA attacked four border posts on January 4, Myanmar’s Independence Day, with particular brutality -- killing 13 policemen and injuring nine others from the Border Force Police, a paramilitary force controlled by the military. Hostages taken at the time have since been released.