Palestinian Authority

Israel has consistently demonstrated that it will stop at nothing to maintain its 50-year military colonisation of the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Its partner in crime: the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority (PA) was established under the 1994 Oslo Accords as an interim body responsible for governing 18% of land in the West Bank. Contrary to the unfulfilled promise of a “temporary” five-year period before the establishment of a Palestinian state, 24 years later the PA is desperately clinging to retain the minimal power they hold. This is now coming at the expense of the Palestinian people.

In the wake of rising unpopularity, it has been said that PA President Mahmoud Abbas is becoming ever more authoritarian as he clings to power in his late years, desperately attempting to steady the decline of the Palestinian National Movement and quell internal differences in his political party, Fataḥ. However, we may have recently been witness to the most explicit example of the PA’s repressive clampdown on dissent. 

Violence in Ramallah

Last month, hundreds gathered in the Occupied West Bank city of Ramallah to voice dissent for the PA’s complicity with compounding the suffering of Palestinians in the siege of Gaza. The protesters mobilised against PA sanctions which included slashing the salaries of more than 60,000 civil servants and cutting off payments for electricity without warning in the Gaza Strip.

You could taste tear gas in the air, upon entering the centre of the city. The streets were chaotic as protestors fled from sound grenades being fired directly into the crowd. A Palestinian man warned me not speak to anybody or take photos. He said the streets were swarming with undercover Mukhabarat (intelligence) targeting anybody suspected of supporting the anti-government protest. While the targeting of Palestinian activists is commonplace, international journalists have also alleged they were beaten by PA forces. The most violent of the forces were the paid thugs (supporters of Fateh) in civilian clothing who beat dissenting Palestinians. The sexual assault of several women in the crowd has also been reported

The PA’s riot and police forces were seemingly complicit in these actions, forming barricades along the road so the institutionalised thugs could successfully drag protesters without being obstructed. I witnessed members of the Mukhabarat single out a Palestinian woman holding a sign that read “Gaza unites us”. She was surrounded by security forces in a matter of minutes, and they proceeded to drag her 200m down the street by her hair.

With a reported 69 people arrested within two hours, the attack showed that PA are actively ensuring Israel’s security by quashing efforts of a genuine populous uprising. 

Grasping for control

The PA’s security sector employs half of all civil servants and accounts for $1 billion of the PA budget; this consumes more than the education, health and agriculture sectors combined. The sector is also the recipient of considerable international aid: the United States and the European Union consistently pour millions of dollars into training and arming the PA security forces. Australia has this morning withdrawn direct aid over concerns funds were benefiting those convicted of politically motivated violence.

The protest at Ramallah showed the skewed security budget in action; five different factions of the PA’s security apparatus were present. Perhaps the most compelling metaphor was the hats of paid security forces loyal to the Fatah party, championing the black and white keffiyeh print — the iconic scarf that symbolises a struggle for liberation. As they violently beat protesters, it couldn’t be more clear that the PA’s function is not to unite Palestine; it is to divide and disempower the population to ensure they are unable to resist colonial subjugation.

The results of a poll conducted in March by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (PSR) paint a picture of pessimism and despair. An overwhelming majority of the Palestinian population have no trust in leadership; 68% demand Abbas’ resignation, less than a quarter view Palestinian democracy as good, and two-thirds believe they cannot criticise the PA without fear. Surely the recent events in Ramallah will only serve to increase the already dire situation.

The intimidation of free speech I was witness to is simply the most recent example of the fact that the PA is sub-contracted to favour the occupier. It serves as an instrument of control and pacification, ensuring the Palestinian population are unable to mobilise an effective resistance movement that demands an end to the 70-year-long denial of their human rights.

Peter Fray

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Peter Fray
Editor-in-chief of Crikey

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