On June 1, the government announced a further two-year extension on its deadline for community television stations to vacate their free-to-air spectrum. The death knell first rang back in September 2014 when Malcolm Turnbull, then communications minister, announced that all CTV licences would end in December 2015. Since then the sector has limped on courtesy of a series of last-minute reprieves.
Sadly, this was to be too late for Television Sydney (TVS), the station I created back in 2004 with the support of the Western Sydney University. Taking Turnbull at his word, the university shut down TVS, figuring that without a free-to-air audience it would no longer be viable.
The community station in Brisbane also folded, but those in Adelaide, Melbourne and Perth have struggled on, continuing to campaign for survival. This latest extension puts the closure deadline beyond the next federal elections. So community TV supporters will be hoping for a change of government, or perhaps a final change of heart if the Coalition is returned.
The irony is that community television in Australia was effectively established by the Coalition. It was former communications minister, Helen Coonan, who created what were called the “permanent” CTV licenses back in 2003. Prior to this, the sector persevered with temporary licenses issued for 12 months at a time. The problem with such short-term licensing was stations were unable to enter into long-term agreements over vital things like broadcast systems, transmission facilities and programming.
The initial permanent CTV licences only provided for analogue transmission. With the impending switchover to digital television things again looked bleak for the sector. A lengthy simulcasting period, during which people progressively abandoned analogue, would have meant death by a thousand cuts. Despite active opposition from within his own department, a new communications minister, Stephen Conroy, saved the CTV sector by allocating new digital spectrum — on the understanding that after the simulcast period, the old analogue spectrum would be handed back. Conroy also secured an annual funding grant for each station — the first ever government subsidy for CTV.
When I met with Turnbull, back when he was shadow communications minister, he expressed his support for community television. I believe he was genuine. But bureaucrats in the communications department were apparently philosophically opposed to it. There was certainly no evidence of high level support during my six-year involvement with the sector.
So why does this matter?
The argument in favour of community TV was, and is, that it provides a unique and valuable addition to the breadth of programming available on our screens — at a time when local content is an increasingly endangered species. CTV was, and is, a great training ground and an entry point for people wishing to explore careers in broadcasting.
Walk into any TV studio in the country and the chances are somebody working there had their first go at a community station. The list of on-air people who started in community television is impressive: Hamish and Andy, Wil Anderson and Andrew Denton, to name but a few.
Right now we are seeing less and less Australian content on our screens. Netflix is under pressure in some jurisdictions to provide local content. But the reality is that this will only ever be a small proportion of its overall offering. The commercial networks are increasingly airing local sport rather than local scripted programs to secure big audiences. Under a bizarre international trade ruling, programs from New Zealand count as local content here.
When TVS was at its height, more than 200 not-for-profit groups and individuals toiled away each week producing a wide range of unique content: from culturally diverse programs through to shows featuring emerging talent, raw comedy and interesting (if sometimes eclectic) personal pastimes.
C31 Melbourne, our longest running and most successful CTV station, continues to highlight the sector’s value — pumping out a huge range of programs for more than 20 years now. Community TV has flourished at C31 due to the amazing resilience of its supporter base and the commitment of its minimalist staff and volunteers.
The Al Jazeera news channel first screened in Australia on CTV, before being taken up at SBS and eventual inclusion in the rundowns at ABC News. Salam Café, one of my personal CTV favourites, was the platform that launched Waleed Aly. The Marngrook Footy Show is immeasurably more interesting than the boof-head versions on commercial channels.
Need I say more?
Laurie Patton was the founding CEO of Television Sydney from 2004-2010. He was also secretary of the Australian Community Television Alliance. This article first appeared in theluckygeneral.biz.