Between Hillary Clinton's loss in the US election and Helen Clark's failed bid for UN secretary-general, 2016 was a hell of a year for women in high office. Clinton didn't manage to smash her literal glass ceiling, while Clark claims she hit hers.

Long thought to be the clear frontrunner, New Zealand's former prime minister and the then-administrator of the UN Development Program was firmly denied the UN's top job. It was a choice that disappointed many, not least of which those advocating a woman for the job. In the organisation's 72-year history, the position has been exclusively held by men.