Australia is in a dither about how to combat the bikie scourge. The Queensland government’s 2013 response to bikies was, at the time, the nation’s strongest. It included far-reaching anti-association laws, and went so far as to push for a bikie-only prison and mandatory additional 15- to 25-year sentences for crimes committed as part of a gang.

So much trampling on civil liberties was probably a bad idea, Queenslanders eventually decided. In 2016 the Newman government rode off into the sunset and Anastasia Palaszczuk watered down the more controversial parts of the laws.