The head of the Australian Secret Intelligence Service is facing "please explain" calls after he was photographed with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte making Duterte's signature fist gesture.

ASIS is Australia's foreign intelligence service, and ASIS head Nick Warner made what was termed a "courtesy call" on Duterte in Manila. Australia is providing military assistance to the Philippine government in its fight to oust jihadists from the city of Marawi on Mindanao, despite Foreign Minister Julie Bishop frequently expressing human rights concerns about the Duterte government's open contempt for the rule of law.