The Coalition this week has had the challenge of attacking Labor Senator “Sinophile Sam” Dastyari for receiving donations from Chinese businesses while insisting foreign donations were perfectly OK. It’s been a manful struggle. Christopher Pyne contorted himself into knots trying to explain what exactly Dastyari had done wrong while trying to avoid acknowledging there might be any innate problems with getting donations from foreign sources; provincial lawyer George Brandis today declared foreign donations were “a different conversation” from the Dastyari case; Barnaby Joyce, displaying a remarkable ignorance of the Electoral Act, declared that gifts were different to “cold hard cash” (check the definition of gift under s.287, Barnaby).
Another element missing from most of the coverage of Dastyari’s stupidity and the media puffing about foreign donations is any mention that the Coalition defeated an attempt by Labor to ban foreign donations in 2009. That was contained in a bill — which was supported by the Greens, long advocates for proper donations and disclosure rules — for political donations and donations disclosure reform put forward by then-special minister of state John Faulkner.
In retrospect, that bill looks almost perverse in its lack of self-interest: Faulkner’s branch, NSW Labor, was at that time mainlining Hong Kong Chinese donations. In just 2007-08, for example, NSW Labor took $400,000 from Hong Kong and Macau gambling mogul Stanley Ho (though Ho only disclosed $200,000), $600,000 from Ho’s company Hungtat Worldwide, $100,000 from HK entrepreneur Anthony Chan, $50,000 from the later controversial Beijing Austchina and $250,000 from HK mogul and philanthropist Chau Chak Wing’s company Kingson. And Ho’s wife, Angela, tried to give the ALP federal branch half a million dollars, but had it returned to her.
So if Labor was willing to cut itself off from literally millions in foreign donations, why did the Coalition knock them back?
By that stage, the Coalition was starting to catch up with Labor on Hong Kong donations. A relative of Chau Chak Wing gave the Nationals $200,000 on the eve of the 2007 election while Kingson gave them another $250,000 as well as giving state Liberal branches (but not the federal branch) another $230,000; yet another Chau company gave the NSW Liberals another $200,000.
[Wondering why the Liberals won’t ban foreign donations?]
Chau’s most recent contributions, in 2013-14, split roughly evenly between both sides when you add up both Kingold and Kingson donations, which total many hundreds of thousands. The Liberals have since picked up donations from another Chinese entrepreneur, Chiu Tao, both directly and via his company CST Mining. Not that Labor has stood still: for example, in 2013-14 it secured a staggering $850,000 from Chinese property developer Zi Chun Wang.
But while the Coalition was lifting its game on Hong Kong donations, it already had a well-established source of foreign donations. British Tory grandee and tax exile Michael Ashcroft was a huge and serial donor to Liberals — so large as to make even the Chinese look cheap.
Another Tory bankroller and occasional tax disputant Michael Hintze — who grew up in Australia and agreed to be a business adviser to the Abbott government — is also a Liberal donor. And still another Tory backer, fundamentalist Christian Robert Edmiston, is also a Liberal donor via his car company.
Despite the Coalition’s attempts to disentangle the issues, the attack on Dastyari is based on the notion that donations influence the behaviour of politicians, and that foreign donations represent a particularly noxious form of influence. Few countries allow them: the Germans, New Zealanders, Italians and Spanish do, although the Germans limit them to 1000 euros; otherwise, no developed countries allow them. But foreign donations are worth millions to both sides of politics, and the Coalition has access to foreign donors that Labor doesn’t have. No wonder they’re so reluctant to talk about joining the developed world in banning them.