Greg Hunt’s bungled approval of the Carmichael coal and rail project broke an explicit guarantee the Environment Minister made in Parliament during the government’s first, failed attempt to gut the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act.
Within days of coming to office, the Abbott government introduced a bill to remove failure to consider conservation advice — i.e., exactly what Hunt would do in the Carmichael mine case — as a basis for overturning an approval of a project. Hunt said he would have no need of the legislation, because as newly minted Environment Minister he would never fail to consider conservation advice when ruling on a project. Except, of course, that is exactly what Hunt just did.
In a remarkable anticipation of exactly how Hunt and his bureaucrats in the Department of the Environment would fail to observe the requirements of the EPBC, Hunt told Parliament in December 2013:
“I can guarantee that every decision I have taken and every decision I will take is made with reference to expert conservation advice, in the presence of the conservation advice and after consideration of the conservation advice … So I can give the guarantee on the floor of this House — again, subject to all of the strictures which apply to ministerial statements on the floor of this House — that all decisions that are relevant to date have been taken with consideration of the conservation advice, in the presence of the conservation advice and through examination of the conservation advice and that will continue to be my practice.”
Hunt’s guarantee in Parliament, “subject to all the strictures which apply to ministerial statements on the floor of this House”, turned out to be worthless: his July 2015 approval of the Carmichael project was, by the government’s own admission, made without conservation advice in relation to two endangered species. As the Australian Government Solicitor told the Federal Court about Hunt’s approval,
“While the Minister had some material before him setting out the impacts of the proposed action on the Yakka Skink and Ornamental Snake at the time he made the decision, he did not have before him copies of the approved conservation advices for either of these species.
In deciding whether or not to approve the proposed action, the Minister did not have regard to the approved conservation advices for the Yakka Skink and Ornamental Snake as they were not included in the material before him at the time he made the decision.”
An approved conservation advice is prepared by an independent committee and provides information about an endangered species, including current status and threats. Under the EPBC, they must be considered when approving projects that may affect an endangered species. Hunt’s bill was intended to “fix” the overturning of a decision by then-environment minister Tony Burke to approve the Shree Minerals mine in the Tarkine are in Tasmania. The bill would also have prospectively prevented the overturning of future approvals on the basis that conservation advice wasn’t considered — exactly the basis on which the Commonwealth eventually agreed it needed to withdraw the Carmichael approval.
As Environmental Justice Australia CEO Brendan Sydes, who spotted Hunt’s comments, wrote at the time, this would have had the effect of keeping the obligation for the minister to have regard to conservation advice in the EPBC, but removing any legal consequences of not doing so. Hunt’s comments were in response to a challenge from Greens MP Adam Bandt. And appropriately, Bandt used the example of Abbot Point, the Adani-operated coal terminal to which coal from the Carmichael mine will be transported, the expansion of which has been highly controversial.
Given both the Tarkine and Carmichael decisions were overturned because of a failure to consider approved conservation advice, it raises the question of just how bad things are within the Environment Department that the implementation of its long-standing bread-and-butter legislation, the EPBC, keeps going off the rails so badly.
In the end, the government’s effort to gut the EPBC was defeated. In the face of opposition from Labor and the Greens, Hunt abandoned first the prospective application of the amendment, then the entire schedule relating to conservation advice. The heavily amended bill, now only dealing with turtles and dugongs, finally passed in February — five months before Hunt would so flagrantly breach his own commitment to Parliament and make a decision on Carmichael without reference to expert conservation advice, in the absence of the conservation advice and without consideration of the conservation advice.