FIFA President Sepp Blatter
Few inside or outside soccer aren’t cheering the sight of officials of one of the world’s most corrupt institutions, FIFA, being arrested. But what an extraordinary display of hypocrisy and arrogance from the United States the pursuit of FIFA is.
The US prosecution illustrates the extraordinary capacity of the US government to, in effect, achieve extraterritorial application of its laws. If you do something that doesn’t break any laws here but does in the US, and if you have any involvement in the US (bank accounts, credit card payments, etc), the American government will find a way to get you if it wants to.
The Russians immediately complained about the arrests, and however self-interested they are, and however kleptocratic the Putin regime is, they have a point about the extraterritorial nature of what’s happening here. But worse is the hypocrisy. American authorities find it easy to fine BHP US$25 million for alleged corruption in inviting non-Americans to the 2008 Beijing Olympics, can have a British man arrested for nonsense charges over the 2010 Wall Street Flash Crash, they can spend years trying to extradite a British hacker who broke into the Pentagon’s poorly secured system over a decade ago and didn’t steal anything — but they’ve yet to put any banker in jail over the financial crisis, or interest-rate or currency rigging, or funding drug cartels and terrorism.
If FIFA president Sepp Blatter and his crooked cronies wanted to avoid being targeted by the Americans, they should have acquired a banking licence. Once you’re a big bank, you’re allowed to get away with pretty much anything and negotiate a wrist-slap fine if you get caught. Even if you admit to criminal conduct, the US Securities and Exchange Commission will then automatically issue you a waiver that allows you to go on being a bank … over and over again, no matter how often you’re caught. Even an SEC commissioner dissented from the commission’s decision to issue such waivers after the most recent round of wrist-slaps. Commissioner Kara M. Stein ended her dissent with this:
“There are compelling reasons to reject these requests to waive the automatic disqualifications required by statute or rule. Chief among them, however, is the recidivism of these institutions. For example, in the face of the FX criminal action, a majority of the Commission has determined to grant Citigroup yet another WKSI waiver, its fourth since 2006. It is worth noting that Citigroup was automatically disqualified from WKSI [well-known seasoned issuer, a key requirement for big banks] status between 2010 and 2013 for unrelated misconduct, meaning that it has effectively now triggered WKSI disqualifications five times in roughly nine years. Further, through this latest round of Orders, the Commission has granted:
- Barclays its third WKSI waiver since 2007;
- UBS its seventh WKSI waiver since 2008;
- JPMC its sixth WKSI waiver since 2008; and
- RBSG its third WKSI waiver since 2013.
- The Commission has thus granted at least 23 WKSI waivers to these five institutions in the past nine years. The number climbs higher if you include Bad Actor and other waivers.“
Now, Stein’s dissent was in relation to exchange rate manipulation. That comes after the Department of Justice’s actions against UBS, Barclays, and RBSG for another matter — their collusive manipulation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), a benchmark used in financial products and transactions around the world. The manipulation of LIBOR was flagrant and “impact[ed] financial products the world over, and erode[d] the integrity of the financial markets”. As part of the settlements in the LIBOR matters, UBS, Barclays, and RBSG each entered into (yet more) agreements with the Department of Justice in which they undertook not to commit additional crimes during the term of the agreements.
The US waivers have allowed these banks to remain in business, not only in the US, but around the world, including here in Australia, running investments for Australian individuals and super funds, governments and companies, managing money and arranging loans. And yet they are all criminals and recidivists under US law.
There’s a further domestic US hypocrisy involved here. In California, for example, ordinary folk face a three-strikes-and-automatic-jail criminal system, which actively discriminates against poor African-Americans, but also poor whites (although the latter have a much lower chance of being arbitrarily shot by police). But not bankers, whose theft has an additional six or nine zeroes on the end.
The scale of the criminal conduct by these banks runs to hundreds of billions, dwarfing the corruption of FIFA. And, frankly, it doesn’t matter a great deal if soccer is corrupt. But it matters a very great deal that the institutions at the heart of the global financial system are systematically, constantly, criminal in their conduct. Until we see big bank executives being arrested overseas at the behest of the Americans, their pious words about fighting corruption are crass hypocrisy.