Two case studies in how public policy works. First, the influence of the media on John Howard's decision to freeze the fuel excise, via Malcolm Farr at News.com.au
"I'd like to apologise in advance should a deficit tax be levied in next Tuesday’s Budget. It’s partly my fault.
"This is actually a declaration of group guilt for what some reckon to be a $5 billion mistake. Back in 2001 I was political editor for The Daily Telegraph and we hammered Prime Minister John Howard week after week -- often on the front page day after day -- over the biggest household expenditure issue of the time -- petrol costs.
"The Howard government was heading for the 2001 election in November. The GST was introduced in July and there were Liberal fears ‘Howard’s Battlers’, that is traditionally Labor-voting families in Australia’s working class suburbs, were getting antsy about it.
"News stories about the pain of fuel costs to households by myself and others added to the concerns and Mr Howard, no doubt feeling GST jitters, relented in early March."
And in Crikey today
, Bernard Keane on what was going on behind the scenes in the public service around 2001, when the fuel excise decision was made:
"The Australian National Audit Office, however, calculated that nearly $3 billion extra 'should' have been spent on roads under the ALTD Act if the default 4.95 cents per litre rate had applied, because the last time the Commonwealth had varied the rate was in 1993-94.
"It was rubbish: governments of both sides had abandoned that sort of approach years before. The ANAO even acknowledged in its report that roads funding 'complied with current government payment practice'. But its officers refused to see reason and, in the face of pleas from Transport officials, insisted that, because the ALTD Act was still on the books, there'd been a $3 billion underspend on roads from fuel excise.
"That was why hell had broken loose. The government was taxing motorists and not even spending the money on roads! ... The government, from the prime minister down, panicked -- thus the desperate call from my former department to find all the briefings that might have been prepared on the subject. There was even a story, possibly apocryphal, that the heads of the Roads Branch -- one of the best, most decent public servants I ever met -- had been hauled into cabinet to be personally dressed down by [John] Howard."
The media, the ANAO and the government conspired to implement populist policy that robbed Treasury of up to $6 billion a year. Prime Minister Tony Abbott, reportedly
, will reverse that decision in next week's budget. That, at least, makes sense.