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Mar 6, 2014

Training, lifeboats and asylum seekers in the 'battle space'

The legal and operational framework for forcing asylum seekers into lifeboats and towing them back to Indonesia has become a little clearer, despite the government's secrecy efforts.


While the Coalition and sections of the media were last week vilifying Labor Senator Stephen Conroy for pointing out the government’s use of the military to hide information, thanks to his efforts the legal and operational framework for forcing asylum seekers into boats to be towed back to Indonesia became just a little clearer.

A key element of the framework was put in place on December 19 last year, when Chief of the Defence Force David Hurley issued a direction under the Work Health and Safety Act 2011 that excluded personnel involved in Operation Sovereign Borders from sections 28, 29 and 39 of the act. Fairfax and The Guardian spotted it and reported it in early January, and its importance to the effort to tow back asylum seeker boats has only become clearer since then.

Sections 28 and 29 require workers to take reasonable care their own health and safety and that of other persons in a workplace. The effect of Hurley’s direction was to ensure Operation Sovereign Borders personnel did not face the risk of criminal prosecution under the act if they failed to do so. Section 39 relates to preserving sites (i.e. evidence) where a workplace injury has occurred. That, too, has been voided in Operation Sovereign Borders. Hurley was up front about the reason for the direction:

“Commonwealth officials and agents of the Commonwealth will be required to operate in a hazardous, uncertain and high-tempo operational environment, having to board vessels, and control and potentially transfer unco-operative persons.”

“In such circumstances, despite best efforts, it may not always be possible to comply with” the requirements of the act, Hurley said.

But the determination is unusual in that Australian personnel engaged until recently in Afghanistan, or currently involved in operations against Somali pirates, require no such exemption. There is a determination dating from 2012 exempting personnel in “warlike and non-warlike operations” relating to reporting incidents and preserving sites, as well as some workplace processes like electing OH&S reps. There are also cover-all exemptions in the act relating to national security and defence. But Operation Sovereign Borders personnel are the only ones specifically exempted from the requirement to take reasonable care of others. As Hurley confirmed to Conroy last week in estimates, not even our frontline troops have such an exemption. Only those engaged in turning back unarmed people in wooden boats don’t have to exercise reasonable care.

Significantly, however, Hurley’s December declaration noted that “Commonwealth officials and agents of the Commonwealth will be appropriately trained, equipped and directed to carry out the above activities in accordance with the objective of the Act so far as possible”.

Conroy quizzed Hurley about that training but encountered a wall of silence. All that Hurley and Chief of Navy Vice-Admiral Ray Griggs would say was that the training “reflected the scope of the operation”. “If I talk about the type of training,” Griggs told Conroy, “I will be going to on-water matters and the techniques and procedures that may be used on water.”

So, like a metastasising cancer, the “on-water” secrecy of Operation Sovereign Borders now extends off the water and into anything that might be “used on water”, even training. Hurley explained that information about training was what he called “friendly information” that would be “likely to be sought by adversary intelligence elements”. Releasing it, Hurley explained, was inconsistent with “the information requirements across the battle space”.

A First World navy encountering civilians in wooden boats is now called “the battle space”.

That reference sits somewhat uncomfortably with General Angus Campbell’s evidence the previous day that Operation Sovereign Borders was not a military operation and that he was not acting in a military capacity when co-ordinating it.

But we do know the navy’s training didn’t include the safe use of lifeboats. Conroy pursued that issue with the Australian Maritime Safety Authority, which admitted that it had only provided advice on search and rescue to Operation Sovereign Borders, and not on safety equipment. But AMSA officials revealed that the orange lifeboats used to return asylum seekers to Indonesia by Customs hadn’t been inspected or certified by the authority, nor had AMSA made any effort to check whether Customs vessels had the davits necessary to safely launch the lifeboats (committee chairman Bill Heffernan suggested they would be “chucked overboard”).

AMSA officers, clearly rattled that they might have said too much for the government’s liking about the lifeboats, kept insisting they had no concerns about any lifeboats, “which are part of a ship’s lifesaving appliance regime”, but that doesn’t include the lifeboats used to send asylum seekers back to Indonesia.

The evasion, casuistry and outright refusal of officials to allow any aspect of OSB to be scrutinised, no matter how far removed from “on-water operations”, is a new low in Australian government transparency. And it’s best summed up by the absurd moment when Conroy played a YouTube video filmed with a phone of a lifeboat being towed back to Indonesia and asked Defence officials to explain what was happening, given the Prime Minister had explicitly said there was no tow-back policy. They all refused to comment. Fairfax’s Michael Bachelard this week reported personnel now take phones off asylum seekers before sending them back, perhaps utilising that training they have had since December.

“I would not have a clue,” Defence Secretary Dennis Richardson told Conroy about the video. “I am not going to comment on what is on YouTube. We are not going to get involved.”

But you are involved, Secretary. You all are.


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18 thoughts on “Training, lifeboats and asylum seekers in the ‘battle space’

  1. Tamas Calderwood

    I suppose this is all part of the government’s message to people smugglers that it is absolutely determined to stop the boats.

    And you have to hand it to Abbott and his team – they have stopped the boats.

  2. Ronson Dalby

    Tamas, they may have stopped the boats arriving in Australia (how do we really know?)but have they ‘stopped the boats’?

  3. Chris Hartwell

    Tamas is just reaffirming that the priorities of this government are arse-about-face when it comes to actually decreasing illegal immigration. You know, that thing that is overwhelmingly the result of folks flying here and then staying past their visa conditions.

  4. zut alors

    In the matters of boat towing & asylum seekers generally, it appears the government is employing a mixture of cover up &/or ignorance.

    Neither is to their credit & exposes them as duplicitous &/or incompetent. History will be unkind to this ugly chapter.

  5. MarilynJS

    No they haven’t Tamas you moron, they are illegally trafficking refugees to a place of danger in orange tubs that are designed to save lives in short term situations and dragging them 1100 km across international waters in breach of every law in the world.

    There is no rational reason to stop any vessel on the high seas, nor is there any legal one. It’s called piracy and hijacking and doesn’t punish anyone except the refugees who are then left for dead.

    In the time Morrison claims no boats 2.4 million new refugees have been created, 1.3 million kids under 5 have starved to death and we have now started murdering refugees in our illegal racist prisons.

    Who are you morons who think Australia alone in the world are allowed to be such savages to appease you?

  6. a_swann

    This article is like another breath of fresh air, thank you Bernard. The truth will all come out one day, and it will be ugly ugly ugly.

  7. graybul

    “OPERATION SOVEREIGN BORDERS” Maybe time to review definition. Specifically, “supreme in rank or authority.” Such definition clearly excellent choice reflecting full intent of Minister’s suspension/withdrawal of people’s need or right to know; and Minister’s Imperial Right to forgo accountability! DEMOCRACY ie “Govt. by the people or, their elected representatives.” The People, deprived of right to know! Elected representatives of Govt. enforce secrecy, claim unaccountability ie indemnity; Persons held without charge, in custody of elected representatives, are found killed, raped, suffering psychological “warfare” under military status of O.S.B.; Public Servants withhold pertinent information about O.S.B. from Parliamentary Committees. Good ship ‘Australia’ , truly on High Seas . . but under what flag!

  8. Ronson Dalby

    Do these orange boats have motors in them like the ones on Captain Phillips? If so, can they be re-used by people smugglers or refugees?

  9. David Hand

    Well done Bernard for exploiting the grey area between the occupational safety laws and warlike situations.

    It is awkward to define the operation sovereign borders as warlike because it gives opponents of the policy, such as Crikey, most of its subscribers and the Greens, opportunity to have a great time in the media about OSB and its place within the definition of war.

    On the other hand, if its not a warlike environment, normal occupational safety laws could reasonably be expected to apply so asylum seekers could then succeed by simply refusing to return to Indonesia and a sympathetic lawyer in say Melbourne could help them get here.

    So well done to The Guardian, Fairfax and Crikey for exploiting this gap. You can all talk among yourselves for another few weeks about how evil the Abbott government is until one of you thinks up the next angle for your anti-coalition campaign.

    In the meantime, the rest of us are happy that no asylum seeker has arrived by boat in 2014 and this interesting side issue regarding the gap between OSH rules and warlike conditions can be rightly ignored by the vast majority of the population.

  10. MarilynJS

    David it allows our navy to murder people with immunity.

  11. tonyfunnywalker

    The smoke screen of hurt feelings and a Defense Minister with a sickness problem this is enlightening. The Hurley directive preceded the navigational errors and David Johnston’s lambasting of the ABC – was that a smoke screen too – to detract form the main game of what really was going on ” on water”. if anything needs a Royal Commission the OSB is a sitting duck for any non- LNP government- unless of course that is predated by the Court of Human Rights and the use of the Military against unarmed civilians.

  12. Draco Houston

    Sure tamas, the boats have stopped, except for all those boats that arrived and got towed back there have been no boats.

  13. Hamis Hill

    “Secrets and Lies” in Operation “Battlespace”.
    Imagine the incessant media turmoil if Labor were responsible for this.
    The “Level Playing Field” so beloved by neo-cons?

  14. AR

    OneHand – and yet, “On the other hand, if its (sic!) not a warlike environment, normal occupational safety laws could reasonably be expected to apply” so, given your understanding, ‘twould appear that TT is prepared to wage on dole bludgers given that OH&S,Worker’s Comp and similar folderol will not apply for such scum.
    This is what happens when politicians ignore morality & ethics for populist appeal & office.

  15. AR

    “..wage WAR on dole..”

  16. Tony Kevin

    @marghutton This is appalling. And very important journalism by Bernard Keene. The purpose of the exemption in this “battle space”is no clear . That if OSB ship or onshore commanders order servicemen and women to put people being returned forcibly on lifeboats into harms way, those orders cannot be refused on occupational safety grounds. http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=KxPBbNWt5KQ

  17. R. Ambrose Raven

    But the boats are still coming. I didn’t write that they arrived, I wrote that they are still coming. As each turning back virtually requires a diplomatic incident with Indonesia, the cost keeps rising. Obviously if that trend continues, turning them back will sooner or later prove too costly, so they will have to start being received. “Turning-the-boats-back” policy will then have collapsed. Given the enormous psychological investment of brutality, viciousness, hate, and deception in that policy by the politicians and the haters, we can explect their rage and anger to be redirected against ourselves as well as Indonesia.

    Yet it is increasingly clear that PNG will not in fact accept any refugees. In between bashings and murders of refugees by Australia-sponsored thugs (haters would love package tours for that purpose), those in the Robben (sorry, Manus) Island concentration camp will have to be sent elsewhere.

    Intelligent discussion would therefore start with the three unavoidable realities.

    Firstly that refugees are “pushed away” not “pulled towards”.

    Secondly, that they will seek the safest haven that they can find – just as the first-home-buyer aspirationals giving these pompous lectures about “economic refugees” will always buy their dream home while hypocritically lecturing others to gradually buy better houses as their circumstances allow.

    Thirdly, while ruling classes practice violence and oppression, there will be refugees. Since they are fleeing death, having the Navy machine-gun them while at sea is the only reliable way to stop them. No doubt many haters have privately advocated exactly that.

    Business as usual departed with the Great Recession and the Imperial Wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya and Syria. Our moat will not protect us from these challenges, while austerity, xenophobia and division will only worsen exactly the social tensions we claim to fear.


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