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Jan 17, 2014

Tasmanian election: Lara is toast, but what about Clive?

The Tasmanian Liberals look set to win the state government at the March poll -- but could Clive Palmer's party cause an upset? Crikey's polling analyst crunches the numbers.

William Bowe — Editor of The Poll Bludger

William Bowe

Editor of The Poll Bludger

Tasmanians will go to the polls on March 15, Premier Lara Giddings yesterday confirmed, setting up a super Saturday of simultaneous state elections in Tasmania and South Australia. In both cases, the hopes of Labor — the last remaining Labor governments at a state or federal level — look grim.

Labor’s prospects look particularly bleak in Tasmania, where the party has been in power since 1998. That makes the Bacon-Lennon-Bartlett-Giddings government the same age as Kristina Keneally’s in New South Wales and two years older than Anna Bligh’s in Queensland at the time of their respective massacres in 2011 and 2012. In each case, a strong sense prevailed that all concerned would have been better off if the governments had gone down to more honourable defeats a term sooner.

However, Tasmania offers one sharp distinction with NSW and Queensland: the Hare-Clark electoral system, in which each of the state’s five electorates return five lower house members through a brand of proportional representation much beloved by election watchers. This has traditionally made life for the Liberals very difficult indeed, given their position on the Right of a three-party system in which the centre is occupied by Labor.

The 2010 election result had the Liberals clear winners in terms of votes cast, with Labor reduced from 14 seats to 10 and the ALP vote crashing by 12.7%. As then-premier David Bartlett had spent the campaign talking up his party’s determination not to govern with the support of the Greens, the talk on election night was of an imminent change of government. But with the Liberals likewise finishing the count stranded on 10 seats and the Greens standing firm in their refusal to do business with them, Labor remained in office by default.

Four years on, Labor finds the burdens of long-term incumbency weighing more heavily than ever, having spent the last term governing from a position of political weakness through a coalition arrangement with the Greens (which Giddings pointedly brought to an end yesterday).

High as the Hare-Clark hurdle may be, the Liberals — who remain under the leadership of Will Hodgman, as they were in 2010 — will go into the campaign with every confidence of clearing it.

Parallels between the federal and state spheres are misleading more often than not, but the present situation in Tasmania looks very much like an exception. The period of Labor-Greens rule has mostly coincided with Labor being in minority government federally, and both opinion polls and the federal election result have offered a strong impression that the unpopularity of each was feeding into the other.

In particular, the Liberals’ success in poaching Bass, Braddon and Lyons from Labor at the federal election — with respective swings of 10.7%, 10.1% and 13.5% — suggests a path to majority government has opened in the state’s north.

“To crudely simplify the maths of Hare-Clark, the Liberals can expect to gain the three seats they need …”

To crudely simplify the maths of Hare-Clark, the Liberals can expect to gain the three seats they need if their vote improves by 2% in Braddon, 5% in Lyons and 6% in Bass (or by 4% in the Hobart fringe electorate of Franklin, where the federal election swing was only half as big).  That happens to be roughly the difference between the Liberal vote at the 2010 state and 2013 federal elections in the case of Bass and Braddon, and at least 3% less in the case of Lyons.

The Liberals have two reasons to hope they can do quite a bit better than that, the first being the polls. Large-sample polls conducted by ReachTEL over the past six months have consistently found the Liberals to be doing at least 5% better at state than federal level, and Labor doing correspondingly worse.

The second is the rhetorical trump card the Liberals have in being the only party that can credibly claim to be a potential majority government, an asset that greatly boosted Labor as it powered to its landslide wins in 2002 and 2006.

There is, however, a fly in the ointment in the shape of the Palmer United Party, which succeeded in winning a Tasmanian Senate seat and stands poised once again to blitz the airwaves with television advertising. An encouraging development for the new party is the decline in support for the Greens, whose vote in Tasmania fell by half at the federal election. That raises the possibility of PUP candidates emerging as piggies in the middle of 2-2-1 results of the kind that have traditionally delivered seats to the Greens.

A particularly promising prospect is the north-western electorate of Braddon, where a Greens candidate was elected by a razor-thin margin in 2010. The PUP’s lead candidate in the electorate is Kevin Morgan, whom Clive Palmer has proclaimed with characteristic reserve to be “the next premier of Tasmania”.

In one sense, the Palmer insurgency presents the Liberals with a potentially substantial obstacle on their path to majority government. But it also promises to sharpen their message that they and they alone offer an alternative to four years of parliamentary chaos.

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7 thoughts on “Tasmanian election: Lara is toast, but what about Clive?

  1. CML

    Why is it ‘parliamentary chaos’ in Australia if the end result of an election is a so-called hung parliament? Various European countries have had this set-up for decades, and there doesn’t seem to be chaos there.
    Aren’t we being just a little bit precious? Or can we legitimately blame the major political parties for the spin they use in damning hung parliaments? All to advantage themselves, of course!
    Wouldn’t it nice if ALL political parties in this country understood the gentle art of compromise, and started acting like adults for a change.

  2. Charles Richardson

    Clear and sensible as usual, William. One point, though: my recollection from 2010 is that it was the Liberals who refused to do business with the Greens, not the other way around.

  3. grubbidok

    Apparently it’s only chaos when two left-wing parties that don’t like each other form power in a coalition. When it’s two right-wing parties that despise each other it’s called ‘adult government’ (and yes I know there are no Nats in Tas, I’m just tired of the hung parliament = chaos meme).

  4. AR

    CML – you, I and other commenters here have made this point since August 2010 (if not earlier.
    FCS, germany took a couple of months after its last election and… formed a soi disant Grand Coaltion of putative opponents.
    ALL northern euroid countries have multi party coalitions – it is only the Benighted States that clings to “us vs them”.
    And of course its dag end, OZ.

  5. bushby jane

    Did I read somewhere that if Queensland had had a Hare Clark voting system like ours, then Campbell Newman wouldn’t have won?
    I don’t know who to vote for in Tasmania-clearly we need to get rid of Giddings, the new Federal Libs are just mouthpieces for (presumably) Peta Credlin and there is no reason to think that the State ones would be any different. All they really need to do in Tasmania I think is to get rid of all the entrenched middle and upper public service to create a more effective govt.

  6. Robert O'Keefe

    I think there’s a lot more to the Tasmania race than covered in this piece. The Greens have just emerged from 3 and a bit years in Government Ministries with objectively good indicators (NAPLAN scores up, bus trips up, bus violence down, emissions down, public housing built etc etc). This may be the first time the Greens have a clear record to spruik. It is certainly the first time in recent political memory that a ‘third force’, relative newcomers to the political scene, have had access to executive power.

    The Federal election came at the lower-end of a Tas Greens polling slump. Their numbers have (Apparently) since rebounded almost to their usual %20ish levels and they’re set to run a campaign with more organisation, professionalism and resources than they’ve ever had.

    Sure, there won’t be any kind of upset Greens majority win, but equally I wouldn’t be speculating about a Greens wipeout. Palmer might claw some disaffected blue-collars from Tasmania’s north and swipe a seat or two, but Hobart City, Franklin, and to a lesser extent Launceston are squarely in Green hands.

    No chance the Greens will fall below 2 seats – but I think there’s a realistic chance of them holding onto 3 or 4 with an average to decent campaign, keeping their foot in the door of Tasmanian parliament.

    If Labor can claw back a little ground and make the most of the Abbott factor, then we might end up with either three oppositions or a hung 4-party parliament in March.

    Won’t that be fun!

  7. drsmithy

    If Labor can claw back a little ground and make the most of the Abbott factor, then we might end up with either three oppositions or a hung 4-party parliament in March.

    Won’t that be fun!

    I dunno, is Australia ready for something starting to resemble actual democracy ?