“We’ll get there in the end!” a woman in rainbow vest cries outside the glass doors of the High Court, holding up her partner’s hand. They walk past a man with a white placard: “God’s word: Say No to Gay Marriage.” Their eyes meet for a brief split-second of quiet recognition.
It took less than 10 minutes yesterday for the High Court bench to deliver the judgement gay couples in Canberra had been dreading: the ACT’s same-sex laws are invalid.
“The whole of the Marriage Equality (Same Sex) Act 2013 is inconsistent [with the federal Marriage Act] and is of no effect,” Chief Justice Robert French told the packed Canberra courtroom.
In a unanimous decision, the court found in favour of the federal government, which challenged the ACT’s same-sex marriage laws on the basis they were incompatible with Commonwealth laws and thereby unconstitutional.
While the ACT tried to argue that its same-sex laws could operate beside federal laws — since the latter only related to marriage between heterosexual couples — the High Court held that only the federal government can make laws on marriage of any kind. The High Court said in its full judgement:
“[T]he federal Parliament has power under the Australian Constitution to legislate with respect to same sex-marriage, and that under the Constitution and federal law as it now stands, whether same sex marriage should be provided for by law is a matter for the federal Parliament.”
For the more than 20 gay couples that married in Canberra during the last week, the decision means their marriage certificates are now defunct. (Though the ACT government has said it won’t be knocking on doors to take the certificates back, as some had feared.)
“We’re very disappointed, and I think we’ll go home and have a bit of a cry in private. It wasn’t unexpected, but it’s still devastating,” said Glenda Lloyd, who married her partner, Jennifer, on Saturday.
“If any heterosexual couple had to go through the experience of finding out whether they could be married or not by a High Court decision then maybe they’d understand,” said Jennifer.
Other couples also expressed their frustration but see Thursday’s decision as a temporary setback. “The great thing is that we’ve started, we’ve gotten the ball rolling, and we can only move forward from now,” said Hayley Wilson, whom Crikey first met at her wedding to partner Samantha Hermes on Saturday.
“We just have to believe that it will get there in the end. And that we get to have another wedding,” said Jennifer.
Legal experts say Thursday’s outcome carries some consolation for gay couples championing marriage equality in Australia. “There is one absolutely good positive of the judgement, which is that we now have an answer to the question of whether the federal government has the power to legislate on same-sex marriage — they do,” Wayne Morgan, sub-dean at ANU law school, told Crikey.
“But there is also a big negative [from the judgement]. It leaves absolutely no room in my opinion for any state or territory [to enact] same-sex marriage law.”
For marriage equality advocates, renewed calls for action will now be taken up in the political arena. Australian Marriage Equality spokesman Ivan Hinton told reporters in front of the High Court that he hoped the matter would go to a conscience vote in federal Parliament (Labor has previously allowed a conscience vote but the Liberals have not, meaning same-sex marriage can’t get through the Parliament).
“With a conscience vote, even under an Abbott government, [same-sex marriage] has a fighting chance,” Morgan said. “So now that becomes one of the major battlegrounds — to get the Coalition to give a genuine conscience vote to its members.”
“It just makes me more determined to try to push it through federally, not just in the ACT,” said a tearful Samantha Hermes.
“We’ll get there — in the end” now may be the battle cry for many gay marriage advocates.