The cargo cult mentality surrounding BHP Billiton’s Olympic Dam mine is ridiculous.
Now Prime Minister Tony Abbott seems to be hoping a BHP expansion of the copper/gold/uranium mine will help clean up the damage caused by the government’s bizarre mis-handling of Holden. Abbott told Parliament on Wednesday:
“There is much that we can be hopeful and optimistic about in the resilience of the South Australian economy, particularly if government can do all that is necessary to ensure that the Olympic Dam mine expansion goes ahead.”
If that’s seriously Abbott’s back-up plan, to retrain and redeploy ex-Holden workers in Adelaide at BHP, then nothing could illustrate better that this government is absolutely winging it on the car industry and did not anticipate Holden’s decision yesterday.
It is verging on insulting to Holden’s workers at the doomed Elizabeth plant to tell them they may have a future at a mining project that was shelved in August 2012 after literally years of debate and speculation.
BHP already faced a significant over-expectation problem: in South Australia at least, the $30 billion expansion — which would have converted the underground mine to open-cut, eventually creating the world’s largest hole — was almost expected to cure poverty.
We watched the embarrassing spectacle of the state’s Parliament prostituting itself before a BHP board meeting, bending over backwards to ensure every conceivable legislative impediment was swept aside to ensure a favourable investment decision.
But ultimately BHP’s then-chief Marius Kloppers, and his then-head of non-ferrous Andrew Mackenzie — who has since taken over as CEO — decided to cop a $US346 million write-down against the expansion and defer it indefinitely, citing market conditions including subdued commodity prices and high capital costs.
As opposition leader, Abbott tried to politicise the decision, pretending the shelving of the expansion was related to the carbon price, which it wasn’t. He was forced to admit that he hadn’t read BHP’s statement on the closure. (Perhaps, he still hasn’t.) Relations between BHP and the PM are still under repair after that episode.
Maybe Abbott was not just indulging in retail politics, as everyone assumed. The frightening reality is dawning that perhaps Abbott believed his own rhetoric: axeing the carbon tax was his only policy and he really expected everything else would sort it itself out!
The Olympic Dam expansion was shelved because it was uneconomic. Particularly, after the Fukushima disaster, uranium prices were down and, by itself, production from Olympic Dam was expected to account for something like 10% of global demand, flooding the world market.
UBS global commodities analyst Daniel Morgan told Crikey copper, gold and uranium prices had all deteriorated since. “In the last 12-18 months all three commodities have fallen. Copper was trading above $US4/lb, now it’s at $US3.27/lb. Gold was heading towards $US2000/oz., it is currently $US1256/oz. Uranium was above $US50/lb. It is now $US35/lb,” he said.
“BHP spent a lot of time and money looking at a huge open pit and after doing that work came to the conclusion that the up-front capital costs trouble the economics. I think the open-cut is off the agenda.”
More to the point, BHP is in the process of cutting investment in new projects, focusing on “sweating” its existing assets. “The new management of these mining houses [including BHP] have been brought in with a specific mandate to conserve capital and increase free cash flow,” Morgan said. “They’ve reduced their capex guidance for the next few years. All the projects are competing harder for capital — the hurdle has become higher for projects to go ahead in the portfolio.”
In August BHP told the market it was investigating a less capital-intensive design for Olympic Dam expansion and the need for new technologies to improve the economics of the project. A decision on a smaller, underground expansion will be revisited next year. The Olympic Dam asset president Darryl Cuzzubbo, who oversees some 4000 employees, recently confirmed the resource will ultimately be developed.
But it is hugely unlikely that will be in time to help unemployed Holden workers.