Nov 11, 2013

With Indonesia, the relationship is going from bad to worse

Relations between Australia and Indonesia have reached a nadir. And it's entirely the fault of Australian policy. The government's turn-back-the-boats policy is now in tatters.

Professor Damien Kingsbury

Crikey international affairs commentator


Australia’s relationship with Indonesia is at one of its historic low points, despite claims to the contrary by Prime Minister Tony Abbott. What is unusual about this most recent contretemps with Indonesia, with which Australia has previously had several difficulties, is that, unlike in the past, the current problems are entirely a consequence of Australian policy. Australia’s alleged spying on Indonesia is both bipartisan and largely necessary. But Foreign Minister Julie Bishop has not yet moved to allay concerns in Jakarta by saying Australia’s intelligence program will be reviewed and offensive activity ceased (even if it will not). However, the Australian government’s handling of the asylum seeker issue has been purely a matter of domestic political choice. It is an "own goal" that was part of the planning for the game. That policy is all but in tatters, following Indonesia refusing to readmit 63 asylum seekers bound for Australia. According to Indonesian authorities, this is the third such refusal to accept back asylum seekers; Immigration Minister Scott Morrison has finally acknowledged it was at least the second such rebuff, not having acknowledged previous problems in his less-than-frank weekly briefings on the asylum seeker issue. Indonesia’s point-blank refusal to accept the asylum seekers on this more public occasion has raised real doubts about whether the government’s policy on turning back asylum seekers can work. If the government cannot turn back boats, as it said it would in opposition, it may now be forced to accept the same, much criticised policy as adopted by the former Labor government. Indonesia’s Co-ordinating Minister for Legal Political and Security Affairs, Djoko Suyanto, is expected to soon formalise Indonesia’s permanent refusal to accept asylum seekers from Australian rescue vessels, other than in emergency situations. This would appear to end the government’s plan to return asylum seekers "when safe to do so". Indicating Indonesia’s growing frustration with Australia, on Friday, Djoko said:
"The Indonesian government never agreed to such wishes or policies of Australia. This has been conveyed since the time of Kevin Rudd, and there is no change of policy regarding asylum seekers wanting to go to Australia under the current Abbott government."
Following Djoko’s statement, the Australian government backed down on its push to have Indonesia accept the asylum seekers. Indonesian Defense Minister Purnomo Yusgiantoro added to Indonesia’s public dismay over Australian asylum seeker policy by confirming that Indonesia had never agreed to asylum seekers being returned to Indonesia and that Australia should "send the asylum seekers to their detention centers in Nauru and Papua New Guinea and not to Indonesia". Anger in Indonesia over Australia’s attempt to return the asylum seekers has further damaged relations already seriously strained over allegations of Australian spying in Indonesia. Indonesia’s presidential spokesman Teuku Faizasyah has again reconfirmed that spying on Indonesia is "unacceptable". In response, he said that Indonesia "will take steps that cannot be disclosed to the public". Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa has already identified co-operation on people smuggling and terrorism as areas that will be "reviewed". The government’s closely controlled media management strategy also appears to be coming unstuck over these two issues, with Indonesian authorities either contradicting or providing alternative accounts of matters that the Australian government is only reluctantly revealing. The issue of Australia spying on Indonesia is far from resolved, and the asylum seeker issue is now front and centre. No doubt, where Indonesia is concerned, the government must be hoping that bilateral policy issues don’t come in threes. *Professor Damien Kingsbury is director of the Centre of Citizenship, Development and Human Rights at Deakin University

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21 thoughts on “With Indonesia, the relationship is going from bad to worse

  1. Frank Chalmers

    Perhaps the third issue is the upcoming Indonesian elections.

  2. rumtytum

    When the new government told us that we weren’t going to be given any information about refugee boat arrivals I read interviews with Christmas Island residents who said they’d be happy to let us know what was going on there. Can somebody tell me why that seems to have never happened? Have these whistle-blowers suddenly got cold feet? Have they been threatened? Bribed? Or are our news media playing Abbott’s game and keeping us in the dark?

  3. klewso

    The results from the ministrations of a patronising and paternalistic government.
    Probably exacerbated by the antics of the Bishop Princess of Plagiarism misrepresenting certain realities, after which the Indonesians have to “leak” to set the record straight?

  4. Boerwar

    ‘What is unusual about this most recent contretemps with Indonesia, with which Australia has previously had several difficulties, is that, unlike in the past, the current problems are entirely a consequence of Australian policy.’

    It is not just the policies. It is the Liberal Government people. They are arrogant and insensitive. They just have to be, in the eyes of Indonesians, serial misrepresenters at best, and serial liars at worst.

    Bishop serially misrepresented the content and tone of her meetings with Natalegawa. He retaliated by publishing a record of meeting – a serious diplomatic no-no. Bishop now nominates Natalegawa as a ‘good friend’. Sure.

    Bishop, before the elections, announced that the Coalition policies were implementable regardless of what Indonesia thought. Sure.

    Morrison says that he can’t see ‘rhyme nor reason’ in the way Indonesians make decisions about accepting rescued asylum seekers. Sure. The Indonesians are crazy, right?

    Morrison says that he approached the Indonesians to accept rescued asylum seekers in confidence. Then he announces that this is what he has done. How confidential is that?

    Abbott announces that Indonesian-Australian relations are ‘improving’ when a bevy of very senior Indonesians are signalling the opposite. This is another bad Abbott gambit – implicitly telling a bevy of senior Indonesians that they are wrong.

    Bishop and Abbott repeatedly announce ‘respect’ for Indonesia but have done nothing to take disrespectful policies – paying Indonesians for information (on ground spying!) and buying Indonesia boats being a couple that could safely be ditched. But all three insist that none of the policies are off the table.

    Finally, there is the birds-of-a-feather issue. Abbott was interviwed by Alan Jones this morning, for example. The Indonesians know perfectly well the track record of Jones, Hadley, Barnardi and sundry burka-baiting Liberals. Abbott hangs around with these people all the time. He keeps them in his Party. But Abbott cannot go ‘barley charley’ to the Indonesians on that. There is no confession, penance and absolution in that particular space. So, it turns out that if you lie down with islamophobic dogs, you get up with an international flea in your ear.

    This is all to the cost of our national interests – if the anxious pleas from Australian business interests are to be believed.

    Recently, Abbott rabbited on overseas (casually smashing yet another traditional convention) about the previous Labor Government being ‘wacko’.

    Pot meet kettle.

  5. klewso

    Ahhhh, “The White Man’s Burden”?

  6. shepherdmarilyn

    It is illegal for us to return any asylum seeker to any territory where they are not provided with legal protection as refugees.

    There is no legal protection in Indonesia and we have known that for decades so why do we persist in this sort of crap?

    Article 33 of the refugee convention covers refoulement in full, it has no geographic boundaries and does not refer just to the country of origin.

    In recent years Indonesia has had corrupt Australian trained officials beating, torturing and killing refugees, which we pay for.

    And there is no people smuggling, why do the Australian media and polity and academics whinge incessantly about something that does not now and has never existed?

    Crossing borders to seek asylum is legal always under international law and our own laws, why pretend it is smuggling when for 14 years our own courts have said it is not.

  7. j.oneill

    Mark Kenny has an interesting analysis in this morning’s SMH. He makes a number of points that should have been made before the election, including the simplistic stupidity of the “stop the boats” sloganeering of the last election; the incredible arrogance of Morrison et al in keeping basic information from the Australian public; and the ham-fisted manner of Abbott and Bishop’s “diplomacy”.

    In short the electorate was conned by Coalition slogans masquerading as feasible policy. Well, you have three years to repent. I shudder to think of the damage Abbott and his Tory ideologues will do to Australian interests in the meantime. The diplomatic bungles are not unique, as the anti-science exposes on two other items in today’s Crikey make all too clear.

  8. Andybob

    So now the letter writers and shock jocks are frothing at the mouth about why Australia is rescuing boats in distress within Indonesia’s search and rescue zone in the first place. Yes Virginia, these are the same people who cried crocodile tears over drownings and supported repressive conditions on asylum seekers so as to deter others.

    Hopefully the government can resist the urge to throw out the oldest and most important tradition of seafaring, the absolute obligation to rescue and assist wherever and whenever necessary. But sadly I’m not feeling confident about that.

  9. Bill Hilliger

    For Abbott relations with Indonesia go beyond a three word slogan …and, that’s a real challenge that many say is beyond his talent. As for the queen of plagiarism, she’ll just have to stare them down.

  10. CML

    If Julie Bishop, as the one female representative in the cabinet, has been chosen on ‘merit’ by the Abbott government, then may the gods help us all over the next (hopefully) three years!
    What a total stuff up!!

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