Considerable attention has been drawn recently to the bark petitions lodged by Yolngu clans from north-east Arnhem Land with the Australian Parliament in August 1963 -- the theme for NAIDOC week 2013 was "We value the vision: Yirrkala bark petitions 1963".

The bark petitions are quite rightly interpreted as a precursor for the establishment of a House of Representatives Select Committee,  specially formed to hear the grievances of Yirrkala Aboriginal people about the proposal to mine their Yolngu clan lands located within the then Arnhem Land Reserve without any consultation with them, let alone their consent.