In dueling press conferences at E3 — the video gaming media showcase held annually in Los Angeles — Sony and Microsoft yesterday unveiled their next generation of consoles.

Sony’s new Playstation 4 buried Microsoft’s Xbox One. They have similar components, but on price and features, Sony was the clear crowd favourite. But analysts say in the long term, the consoles’ success is far from assured.

The Playstation 4’s success at E3 comes down to two main factors: price and user-friendly digital rights management. The Playstation 4 is $100 cheaper than the Xbox One in America (though due to a 38% Australia tax compared with the Xbox’s 20% local mark-up, it will only be $50 cheaper in Australia). And unlike the Xbox One, which will require players to authenticate their games online every 24 hours, the Playstation 4 does not have any such onerous restrictions.

Game publishers also have the option to prevent Xbox One players from playing second-hand games, or they could charge a licensing fee for used games.

“Third-party publishers may opt in or out of supporting game resale and may set up business terms or transfer fees with retailers,” Microsoft wrote in a recent blog post.

It was low-hanging fruit for a competitor willing to part with the revenue, and Sony was game. Sony’s entire announcement was filled with thinly veiled potshots at its main competitor. For example, this video, a tutorial on how to “share” video games on the PS4, makes a mockery of the Xbox One.

Gaming consoles are typically sold at a large discount to the cost-price of their components, meaning their manufacturers make a loss on every unit sold. But the loss is recouped through licensing fees, which game makers must pay to produce games for that console. If more gamers use your console, you can charge higher licensing fees, so making a splash at launch is important.

But the PS4’s success is far from assured. For all the talk of Sony “winning” E3 (see here, here and here), things like price aren’t as likely to be the determining factor in the success of a platform as many people assume, says Telsyte analyst Sam Yip, a former Sony employee. “I don’t believe price is the main factor. Consumers are used to paying upward of $500 a console,” he said. “Really, the big metric here is how many of these devices are connected to online stores. That’s the opportunity.”

The reason this matters is because the space inhabited by consoles is being squeezed, according to technology analyst and writer Paul Wallbank. He says casual gamers are gravitating to iPads and mobile, while the hardcore gamers are increasingly returning to the PC. “My question is, are we talking about a dying business model? The consoles are slowly losing ground anyway.”

Perhaps that’s why Yip says the long-term success of the consoles is likely to be less determined by things like price and their initial splash in the gaming community, and more on things like how successfully consoles transition into being broad multimedia centres rather than gaming devices.

“Consumers are becoming quite device-agnostic,” he said. “It’s about the movies they want to quickly watch, the games that they want to play, the social networks that they want to check. That’s the key factor in the success of consoles. The content and availability of that content will determine who the winner is.”

* This article originally appeared at SmartCompany.