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TV & Radio

Apr 29, 2013

Fact off: ABC and Fray's PolitiFact dig into pollies' spin

The ABC has announced a new team dedicated to checking up on pollies' spin, and US website PolitiFact is also opening an Australian division.

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A new type of journalist is about to be born in Australia: the professional fact-checker.

Ten years after the trend started in the US with FactCheck.org, the Australian media is belatedly jumping aboard the truth-testing train. Two dedicated fact-checking operations will launch before the September 14 election: an ABC unit to check the claims of public figures and a local version of PolitiFact.com — a US site that rates political statements on a scale from “true” to “pants on fire”. They join Crikey, which has been running a regular fact-checking feature, Get Fact, since August.

The ABC’s fact-checking unit — funded as part of a $10 million top-up for the ABC news division — will launch by August and have a staff of around 10. As well as an editor and presenter, positions for three researchers and three producers have also been advertised. Unlike most fact-checking operations around the world — which are online or print only — Aunty’s project will have a strong broadcast presence. ABC head of current affairs Bruce Belsham told Crikey there is unlikely to be a standalone fact-checking program. Rather, ABC viewers can expect the fact-check presenter to pop up across the network of news and current affairs programs and in short, discrete segments on TV and radio. There will also be some use of crowd-sourcing through social media platforms such as Twitter.

PolitiFact Australia will be led by Peter Fray, a former editor-in-chief and publisher of The Sydney Morning Herald. It’s the first international offshoot of PolitiFact.com, which was set up by The St. Petersburg Times (now The Tampa Bay Times) in 2007 and won a Pulitzer Prize for its work during the 2008 US presidential campaign. PolitiFact has a tighter political focus than the ABC project, which will range across other topics including business.

Fray says his site will have around seven staff — a mix of “bright young journalists and gnarly old hands like myself” — and will launch in May. The long-term sustainability of the site is unclear, and its business model a work in progress. Fray has put up his own dough to get the project going and is courting advertisers and potential sponsors. He won’t rule out eventually asking readers for donations.

Although the ABC has more resources to play with, Fray says his site has some important advantages. Unlike Aunty, which is starting from scratch, Fray’s fact-checkers will use the PolitiFact methodology, which has been tweaked and tested in over 7000 US cases. PolitiFact founder Bill Adair arrived in Sydney on Sunday and will spend the next 10 days coaching local staffers.

Fray also expects his site will be able to make gutsier and more definitive calls than his taxpayer funded rival.

“Fact-checking in the ABC will be a huge challenge,” Fray said. “It will be a big test for the culture of the ABC and the perceived culture of the ABC. The perceived culture is that they’re all chardonnay-sipping socialists. We know that’s a gross exaggeration, but it’s the perception. Sometimes they also drink riesling, sometimes shiraz.

“… the minute they fact-check something Tony Abbott said as a lie the ABC switchboard will melt down.”

“They will definitely be much better funded than we are. But it’s the ABC, and the minute they fact-check something Tony Abbott said as a lie the ABC switchboard will melt down … They will need nine people to fact-check the one person doing the fact-checking. We will be smaller, more nimble and using tried and tested methods from overseas.”

Although it’ll eschew provocative terminology such as “pants on fire”, there’s no doubt setting up a fact-checking unit is a risky enterprise for the ABC. The broadcaster’s critics — including in News Limited and the Coalition — are sure to pounce upon any perceived bias in which facts get investigated and how they are adjudicated.

Adair, who is stepping down as editor-in-chief of the US site this year, told Crikey some blowback is inevitable. “PolitiFact has disrupted the status quo in American politics. For years, politicians could get away with saying whatever they want without getting checked. When you disrupt the status quo, people are going to be upset by that.”

Although PolitiFact is extremely popular — the site had 42 million page views last year — it has no shortage of critics. New York Times columnist Paul Krugman last year argued:

“Politifact has lost sight of what it was supposed to be doing. Instead of simply saying whether a claim is true, it’s trying to act as some kind of referee of what it imagines to be fair play: even if a politician says something completely true, it gets ruled only partly true if Politifact feels that the fact is being used to gain an unfair political advantage … The simple fact is that in today’s US political scene, Republicans make a lot more factual howlers than Democrats. Sorry, but that’s just the way it is. Yet Politifact wants to be seen as nonpartisan.”

Krugman and other liberals were particularly riled by PolitiFact giving its 2011 “lie of the year” gong to the claim that Republicans had voted to “end” Medicare. Krugman and others argued this wasn’t a lie at all: the new scheme would still have been called Medicare but would actually bear little resemblance to the current system. The line between someone fudging the truth and simply using language you may disagree with isn’t always clearcut.

While acknowledging everyone won’t agree with every verdict, Adair insists the vogue for fact-checking will continue. “Around the world, journalists are realising they have to do more fact-checking,” he said. “It’s no longer enough, in the information age, to just pass on the soundbites from politicians — we have to tell our readers the truth.

“For too long in journalism there has been an ‘eat your vegetables’ approach  that says readers should have to read long, often dull, stories about policy and glean from that what’s true and what isn’t … The more fact-checkers, the better.”

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17 comments

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17 thoughts on “Fact off: ABC and Fray’s PolitiFact dig into pollies’ spin

  1. Steve777

    I expect the abolition of the ABC’s fact-checking unit to be one of the first acts of an incoming Abbott government.

  2. Mary Henderson

    Politifact will inject much needed interest into a campaign which was shaping up as an argument on who was the toughest on asylum seekers and who could produce the most savings – read, job losses. But if the fact checkers are doing the journalists job,what are journalists doing?

  3. klewso

    “Public figures” will include op-ed hacks?

  4. Milanion20

    Mary, the journalists will be correcting the Politifacts to reflect the right of the editors and proprietors to print whatever they want to print – as is their god-given right. I expect political journalists to become political gossipers – formally admitting that this is already the case.

  5. mikeb

    Steve777. I don’t think the Govt can interfere directly like that. I’m sure a bit of behind the scenes squeezing of b*lls might come into play however.

    But apart from that can just imagine the outrage from concerned parties. The ABC will need a couple of fact checkers (right & left aligned) to check the checker of the fact checker and on and on. We know that one man’s “facts” are another man’s “lies”. This can be confirmed by watching The Bolt Report (which I don’t do btw).

  6. Gratton Wilson

    Does this mean that ABC political commentators will be called to task for using expressions like “reckless spending” when they talk about Labor’s education and disability care commitments? Will Tony Jones be rebuked for insisting that misogyny only means hatred of women not contempt or lack of respect of women.

  7. TheFamousEccles

    I await with eager anticipation the genesis of the ABC’s fact checking unit, and, unfortunately, the inevitable eventual evisceration of this initiative by the government we end up with after september – Labor or Liberal.

    Rupert will likely just buy Politifacts and turn it into some not-to-be-argued-with font of truthiness…

    Having just re-read my post before “posting”, it is a little cynical, innit? I just can’t imagine the political classes and the mone

  8. TheFamousEccles

    that should read “moneyed classes allowing their ponzi scheme to be examined and exposed to all and sundry”.

    (Stoopid computers with their own agendas posting before I was ready… Grrr)

  9. peter willis

    The ABC can now afford a fact checking unit but they cannot afford a new Executive Director for Television.All the appearances of a rudderless ship. Doesn’t anybody want to work under Mark Scott.

  10. GF50

    Hell, why do I get a sinking feeling that this is to be designed to be hijacked by “The Vested Interests” LNP/MSM/ABC propaganda unit? and is just to keep the Peasants appeased? The peasants being those seeking Justice Equality and Freedom, you know that really lefty Democratic sh@t. I don’t need a fact checker my bs meter is working perfectly well! The ABC does NOT take any complaints at all and this will not stop mindless me to reporting by the ABC.

  11. AR

    Steve777 is spot on but the thought that hacks will be held accountable for the accuracy of the verbiage they spew forth is novel. And highly unlikely.. oh look, porcus aviatrix

  12. Interrobanging On

    Gratton- yes, true. How to address the ABC’s tabloid, one sided loaded language (‘plans to raid the super system’ jumps to mind) or the clear framing bias (‘Gillard defends…, ‘Pressure mounts…’ etc).

    mikeb – Abbott has already threatened to ‘weed out bias’ at the ABC, which will presumably include any unit that might even vaguely expose his mendacity. Bias, naturally, is as determined by Mirabella and Bolt over a chardie.

    They may be so emboldened by a big election victory to attack the ABC directly. We see the hubris already in the ‘throat cutting’ threats etc. But likely they will do what was effective in the Howard years and plant stooges on the board and management.

    Which brings us to the ABC today, which is hardly ‘socialist’ in its news. A Liberal front is more like it and I wonder how the fact checking unit will get around this imperative. For example, the shoddy habit of excessive cut and pasting from LNP press releases – often 1/4 or even 1/3 of a story – when the releases contain porkies (‘illegal’ boats or something).

    I would guess if you are simply quoting someone it will be assessed as OK and the fact checking unit will be a front. To my cynical mind, this is one way the ABC runs its bias. Studiously putting the dog whistles and talking points up there in quotes, with no responsibility for the content. Then again it might be lazy, poor journalism too.

    (Actually, I wrote ‘ABC toady’ rather than ‘ABC today’ by accident, but it fits well…!)

  13. Paddy Forsayeth

    I can imagine the News very Limited will respond with its own Fact Finder, which will, no doubt, state more or less the opposite of what the ABC might come up with. Ho hummmmmmmmmm.

  14. Edward James

    Wow I thought all journalist were fact checkers first, before journalist? Edward James

  15. Gerard

    Get real! The ABC is irrelevant – since the Rabbit will abolish it utterly the day after he gets elected. And any other “fact-finding” or “less that totally loony far right news” organisation will be banned on the grounds of “free speech”, so say goodbye to Crikey within a week or two. (Any divergence from the Limited News line being obviously an attack on “free speech”, folks.) Have you people any idea whatever of what we are in for WHEN that fruitcake gets elected? The IPA list isn’t the half of it.

    OK my rheumatism is playing up – but all the same I am, I fear, not exaggerating very much…

  16. Edward James

    @ Gerard. Crikey is only a shadow of what it once was. There are posters here who will when it suits them accept the garbage from limited news as fact. I have an idea we are in for change, and then change again eventually the political allsorts which survive the constant turfing out of political dead wood, will get the message. They are elected to exercise their influence in our best interest not theirs. Currently they seem to have forgotten why we vote for them. Edward James

  17. Edward James

    The election will be about who employ the best liars. Oh sorry spin doctors. Edward James

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