Jan 25, 2013

There’s good arguments against multiculturalism — Morrison’s isn’t one

Scott Morrison committed the Coalition to building an era of "post-multiculturalism" in Australia. But it's more dog-whistle than serious critique of the failings of migrant integration.

Shakira Hussein — Writer and academic in multiculturalism

Shakira Hussein

Writer and academic in multiculturalism

Ah, Australia Day. For all its problematic origins as a national holiday, it has evolved its own traditions and rituals. The backyard barbecue. The firework displays. The ceremonial blast of the dog whistle by conservative politicians. This year, Scott Morrison did the honours in a speech at the Menzies Centre for Australian Studies in London late last week. As The Australian reports, Morrison used the occasion to outline his vision of a "post-multiculturalism" approach that a Coalition government will use to "restore some balance by ensuring that we are more focused on what we have in common rather than how different we all are". It will achieve this end by a return to such features of the Howard era as recognition of (drumroll) "the supremacy of Australian values, the primacy of the English-language, respect for existing institutions and adherence to the rule of law". A multicultural recognition of diversity apparently poses a threat to all these common goods. Like his counterparts in Europe and North America, Morrison eschews "colour racism" in favour of "cultural racism". Ethnic, racial and religious diversity are more than acceptable in contemporary Australia. Problems arise, however, with the emergence of "self-imposed cultural withdrawal" and disaffection with multiculturalism in "specific areas of high ethnic concentration". (Did I hear the words "western suburbs of Sydney"? Or was that just the dog whistle again?) Morrison doesn't spell out which aspects of "diversity" would be considered acceptable under a more balanced post-multicultural regime, but I'm guessing he subscribes to the consensus view that multiculturalism has had a beneficial effect on the Australian diet. (Sharia tribunals? No thanks. Homous and baklava? More, please.) Even those most ardent racists participate in the multiculturalism of consumption. But while enjoying our pizza and laksa, we need to "send a message" that such tolerance "is not a licence for cultural practices that are offensive to the cultural values and laws of Australia and that our respect for diversity does not licence: the primacy of the English language". As a debating point, the importance of English-language skills to the process of settling in Australia is a non-issue. Resources that governments are willing to allocate to allow recent migrants to access English language classes. There is ample evidence illustrating both a strong desire by migrants to acquire English language skills and their frustration at the barriers to achieving this: inadequate class hours, lack of access to childcare, competing demands of the settlement process such as dealing with Centrelink and housing authorities. In the United Kingdom, David Cameron's government is using "the primacy of the English language" as a barrier to migration, as new migrants entering on spousal visas required to take an English language competence test prior to migration. There is a non-racist critique to be made of multiculturalism. To take just one example: as a policy it has not well served this nation's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. There is also a lively and sometimes heated conversation under way both here and overseas about the displacement of multiculturalism by the concept of cosmopolitanism. But asserting "the supremacy of Australian values" (one small step away from labelling some people and values as "unAustralian") shuts down such conversations in favour of an anti-racist defence of multiculturalism. I find it difficult, then, to take Morrison's "Happy Australia Day" conclusion in the spirit in which it's intended. Or perhaps I'm taking it in exactly the spirit in which it's intended.

Free Trial

You've hit members-only content.

Sign up for a FREE 21-day trial to keep reading and get the best of Crikey straight to your inbox

By starting a free trial, you agree to accept Crikey’s terms and conditions


Leave a comment

6 thoughts on “There’s good arguments against multiculturalism — Morrison’s isn’t one

  1. Craig Campbell

    Thanks for the insightful analysis, Shakira. There’s a few things that I’d like to add though. Since Scott Morrison is a member of an Americanised Pentecostal church, does he actually believe in the ‘supremacy of Australian values’? (whatever they are?) And don’t Pentecostals give more primacy to speaking in tongues, than they do to speaking in English?
    You’d think that a member of a minority religious grouping, would have more sympathy for other cultural minorities, but apparently not.
    Also, one of the many reasons that I was glad to see the back of the Howard government, was their turgid obsession with labelling things Australian and un-Australian. It ended up having all the intellectual maturity of; Australian, sugar and spice and all things nice; un-Australian, snakes and snails and puppy dog tails.

  2. Steve777

    Of course “restore some balance by ensuring that we are more focused on what we have in common rather than how different we all are” and “the supremacy of Australian values, the primacy of the English-language, respect for existing institutions and adherence to the rule of law” means “white Anglo Australians will again be able to feel like they’re on top of the heap and will be free to look down on anyone else and tell r-cist jokes”. Not so much a dog-whistle as a vuvezela.

  3. pritu

    A pox on Morrison and his ilk!

  4. Steve777

    Sorry for the long post, but Morrison’s comments need closer examination. What is he trying to say?

    “The supremacy of Australian values”: How arrogant. The Libs are probably telling our trading partners that it’s just for the punters. Anyway, who decides what Australian values are? At best it looks like a rod with which to beat anyone you don’t like. At worst it’s something more sinister.

    “The primacy of the English-language“: Who is threatening this? Does Morrison want to go back to the days when Aborigines (and for that matter Welsh and Irish children) were beaten for speaking in their own tongue? It’s a straw man, an attempt to curry favour with racists and bigots.

    “Respect for existing institutions” What does that mean? Another rod for beating people you don’t like and another appeal to bigots. Who is showing disrespect? If anyone is breaking the law, we deal with it. If anyone is exercising their democratic rights to say, for example, we should be a republic or we should criminalise blasphemy, well, one may disagree but they have a right to say it.

    “Adherence to the rule of law” – if anyone regardless of ethnicity, faith or whatever breaks the law then we deal with it according to due process. Who is not showing respect for the law? It’s OK to say you think the law should be changed. Another appeal to bigots.

    Any political party that would be the likes of Scott Morrison in a senior position is an absolute disgrace and should not be allowed anywhere near the levers of power.

  5. klewso

    “The Right’s Australia Policy”?

  6. CML

    I think everyone has the right to bring their ideas and cultural practices into Australia when they come to settle here. However, parading a pre-school child around at a public demonstration holding a banner suggesting all “infidels” (read non-Moslems) should be beheaded (or something very similar), is totally unacceptable in a secular country.
    Multiculturalism works well so long as everyone observes societal norms of decent behaviour.

Share this article with a friend

Just fill out the fields below and we'll send your friend a link to this article along with a message from you.

Your details

Your friend's details