"We've achieved nothing ... and I'm very concerned. We're fried."Surprise has been expressed at the rising tensions in these talks, which the developed world had presumed would be merely procedural, tying up loose ends from the messy negotiations at Durban and Cancun so a path could be cleared to an agreement forged by 2015, for a binding global treaty to come into force by 2020. Or course, this does not come anywhere close to the science. For the most vulnerable countries it threatens to lock in failure, and the developed world appears to have completely misread the mood of their negotiating partner. Christina Figueres, the head of the UNFCCC (the UN body charged with climate talks), says each nation needs to "assume responsibility" but she doesn't see much evidence. The US is hamstrung by a hostile Congress, Europe is hobbled by an indolent Poland, China and India are not prepared to make any bold moves until the developed world has acted on its "historic" responsibility, and nations such as Russia, Canada and New Zealand have simply opted out of the process. "I don't see as much public interest for governments to take on more ambitious and more courageous decisions," Figueres told journalists over the weekend. The Qataris seem bemused by the whole thing. Climate change had barely entered the local vocabulary before the talks began -- now it appears on the evening news in some depth each night, and the government even tolerated a street march organised by some recently formed local environmental NGOs. The government has a goal of accumulating globally significant events in the same way as it likes erecting spectacular buildings, but is said to have called in panels of experts when it realised the significance of the talks and the role it was expected to play as host and president. Not that Energy Minister Dr Mohammed bin Saleh Al-Sada has quite seized on the subtleties. Asked at the start of the conference about Qatar's extraordinarily high emissions per capita, he suggested that wasn't important because it was the total emissions that counted. Qatar has a population of just 1.8 million. In a speech to the World Climate Summit yesterday afternoon, he said fossil fuels would continue to be the centre of the world’s energy needs and would still provide 80% of its needs in 2040. Gas (of which Qatar has lots) was good because it was cleaner than coal (of which it has none). So why should Qatar produce less? And he is not alone in thinking that way. Even Scotland’s environment and climate change minister Paul Wheelhouse, who boasted of the fact that it intends to produce enough wind and hydro energy by 2020 to meet all of its energy needs, noted Scotland was also the largest oil and gas producer in the EU. Wheelhouse told me later in an interview that the oil and gas reserves, which would last for decades, were worth $1.5 trillion. Gosh. So how did he feel about the IEA's suggestion then, that the Scots should leave a trillion dollars of that under the seabed? His response was the focus on renewables was part of a plan to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels and delay the need for their extraction. But he was sure they would be over time, and they wouldn't lose their value. So far, only Norway and Monaco have made pledges that fit the science. "The offer on the table is deeply inadequate," said Sai Navoti, lead negotiator for the 43 island nations that make up the voting block known as AOSIS. "How many conferences do we have to endure where we go back to our countries and say, 'next year we will increase ambition to reduce emissions, next year we will see finance, next year we will save the climate?' No more next years." Bolivian delegation chief Rene Orellane told Bloomberg: "We've achieved nothing … and I'm very concerned. We're fried." *Giles Parkinson reports on energy policy and the environment for RenewEconomy
Doha(rd) 2012: in an aircon-loving state, more climate delay
The world is talking in the airconditioned confines of Doha, but nobody expects action that matches the science. Renew Economy's Giles Parkinson reports from Doha.