The announcement by East Timor’s prime minister, Xanana Gusmao, that his country will begin military to military links with Indonesia has caused widespread surprise, given the deeply troubled history between the small, recently independent state and its large and previously belligerent neighbour. There are several benefits to this new arrangement, which will also see police-to-police links established. But there are also many unresolved issues.

Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor in 1975 led to the deaths of more than a quarter of its population, almost 200,000 people, with its final farewell being the destruction of most of the country and the murder of about 1500 more civilians. According to  Gusmao, it is now time to forgive and forget.