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May 3, 2010

Mayne: Mining slug mainly hits multinationals, so who cares?

The new mining tax is a good initiative by the Rudd government. Tony Abbott should get behind a move that slugs huge foreign companies but benefits little Aussie battlers.


While John Howard and Peter Costello did leave the federal Budget in structural deficit with all those tax cuts, you can always rely on a Labor government to crank up the spending and worsen the fiscal outlook.

However, at least most of the Rudd government’s new initiatives have been one-offs such as pink batts and the building education revolution.

And as most Western countries are now discovering after the GFC, budgets are severely in the red and no one wants to go the way of Greece.

Which brings us to the extraordinarily comprehensive range of revenue-raising options presented by Ken Henry’s report and the selection of one single monster tax to save the Budget over the medium term.

An extra $6 billion-plus a year in revenue from the Resource Super Profits Tax is no small beer but that also relies on some fairly heroic assumptions about commodity prices holding up. People forget that Australia suffered continuous terms of trade deterioration for almost 50 years until the China-driven boom really kicked in over the past decade.

With a market capitalisation of $120 billion, Rio Tinto isn’t exactly about to go broke. And BHP-Billiton is trucking along quite nicely with a market value of $228 billion.

Robert Gottliebsen’s Business Spectator column yesterday was head-lined: “Are we pushing BHP and Rio offshore?”

Frankly, London-based Rio Tinto is effectively a foreign company already, given that Australians only own about 13% and there are just three Australian-based directors on the 14-person board.

If the company had followed the advice given at the 2008 AGM and moved its global headquarters to Australia whilst wrapping itself in the flag, it wouldn’t be such an easy target now.

Even BHP-Billiton is now down to Australian ownership of about 40%, largely thanks to the folly of former chairman Don Argus giving away 42% of the company to Billiton shareholders in 2001 for a bunch of assets that would struggle to deliver 15% of the value these days.

The main reason a resources super profits tax works best for Australians is that more than 80% of our resource profits go to foreign owners. The North West Shelf is only about 10% Australian owned and we’ve got virtually nothing in Mt Isa since MIM fell to Xstrata in 2003.

While BHP and Rio together have Australian operations worth almost $200 billion, there is another $200 billion-plus of projects down under controlled by the likes of Xstrata, Mitsui, Mitsubishi, Marubeni, Shell, Exxon-Mobil, BP, BG, Chevron, Anglo-American, Peabody, Conoco-Philips, Apache Energy, Alcoa, Newmont and the Chinese government. That’s another 16 players all of which would have Australian resource investments worth more than $10 billion. Each!

If you want the detail on who owns and operates what, check out this comprehensive list of the major Australian resource projects that are majority foreign owned, along with shareholding breakdowns and royalty regimes where available.

It is an indictment on the directors’ club and institutional shareholders that Australia has not been able to develop and retain ownership of a major global player in oil, gas or gold, but at the very least we should claw back some of the super profits going to the foreign players who are doing it for us.

Such a tax will also substantially improve the current account deficit because the $40  billion-plus a year currently being repatriated from Australian projects to foreign investors will be reduced somewhat.

We’ve already seen the Fortescue Metals Group team led by Andrew Forrest rail against the new super profits tax, but besides Twiggy and his 31.5% stake worth a tidy $4.5 billion, there are very few major Australian investors on the FMG top 20.

While the miners will gripe about the total tax bill at the top of the cycle, the state-based revenue regimes still apply at the bottom of the cycle when projects are making losses.

This will make the federal Budget even more susceptible to wild cyclical swings, but if the total tax take is substantially up over time, then it doesn’t matter so much.

All up, this is a very good initiative by the Rudd government and Tony Abbott should show some consistency with his anti-immigration policies by supporting a move that slugs huge foreign companies but benefits little Aussie battlers.


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23 thoughts on “Mayne: Mining slug mainly hits multinationals, so who cares?

  1. shepherdmarilyn

    Is Joe Hockey having a brain snap over there on twitter? Sure looks like it.

    Thanks for this Stephen, most stupid Australian’s seem to think that these mining companies are Australian and that the profits are staying here.

    They are not.

    What gets me is the total inability of the media in this country to notice that the last two years have been globally shocking and that business as usual is not able to happen.

    We have wrapped ourselves in this putrid little bubble of self-serving greed and we don’t even consider the rest of the world.

    A good reason to demand this sort of tax is being played out in the Mexican Gulf as we speak, was played out in the East Timor Sea and so on.

  2. David Sanderson

    Abbott is a tin-eared political fool if he thinks that campaigning against a resource rent tax has popular resonance. His oppose everything strategy hit a deep pothole with health reform and opposing the rent tax might just break the axle.

  3. micka

    Most Australians are not stupid enough to spell Australians as Australian’s

  4. Venise Alstergren

    STEPHEN MAYNE: And I thought I was being a ‘Dog in the manger(ist)’ and was feeling guilty for being a sh*it.

    Now you come along with your excellent article, and I’m overwhelmed with a deep case of schadenfreude. It’s about time those huge mining giants realised from whence came the golden goose. How golden it is. And the facts say the birds home is in Oz.

    Perhaps the government could pay them a small bounty for selling first to the home market. Storing some of the stuff for when we as a country might use it wouldn’t hurt either.

    Someone on the radio was saying that Brasil could seize the iron ore market from us.

    Wouldn’t that mean much higher shipping costs?

  5. John Carusi

    As for miners crying poor and stating that they’ll go offshore or not develop in Australia as much, what a load of patent phooey. They have had the double luxury of a series of complacent and complicit governments (both State and Federal) and the societal stability inherent in this country to operate under: the benefits of both a developed country and the malleability of a hungry LDC.

    Not about time that a suitable super profit tax is applicable: as Mayne correctly pointed out, most of our mining operations are wholly foreign concerns, and that all of them have been flogging our dirt for very little recompense to the nation. It’s high time that they realise that they cannot get away with the idea that they can have their yellowcake and eat it too: there ought be a suitable fee form operating in a country that actually spends revenue on nation-building activities, such as infrastructure, universal healthcare and social welfare.

    I’m sure that a few might take their bat-and-ball and go to some other less-developed nation and try exploit them. Until they realise that there are certain things which when go wrong, they go terribly wrong, such as falling out of favour with whomever is in receipt of kickbacks, entrenched systemic corruption (having to meet the myriad obligations of that…or else) and likelihood of violent uprisings and coups. Although there are undoubtedly shenanigans in business Aussie style, these are exceptionally mild compared to other commodity nations.

    So what do they really want? Costly compliance, but conducted in a transparent and reasonably consistent manner, or takes their chances with some tinpot dictatorship, where the startup maybe cheap, but the unpredictable nature of feeding a corrupt beast?

  6. EngineeringReality

    We, as Australians, should all care that this is happening to finally redress the shocking giveaway of our mineral wealth to foreigners.

    Finally we are going some way to realising a fair return for selling off our minerals. We have been acting like a third world country being exploited by the colonising old world powers – where they dangle a few brightly coloured trinkets in front of our unsophisticated eyes and then r@pe our natural resources for massive profits.

    It infuriating recently to listen to a whole gaggle of muppet politicians falling over themselves to trumpet the next big resource project and how many billions of dollars for a 30 year contract and then reading further into the announcement you read “the project is owned by the Exxon-BP-Shell- joint venture” and you realise that only a tiny fraction of the profits of each project will be returned to Australian pockets.

    Worries about our appalling current account deficit are always met with “yes but our capital account is in surplus so we are investing in projects that will allow us to pay back our foreign debt and then some in the future” but with the majority of the profits from our natural resources heading overseas how can we be secure in the future ability to pay off our debts (our massive private debt not smallish government debt)?

  7. Richard Wilson

    Any program that allows Australia to continue to be sold off to the highest bidder and then shut down under the punitive taxation rulesis just dumb. There are myriad unforeseen conseqiences to this strategy. In my view all foreign owned or, beneficially foreign controlled, entities (that includes I believe RIO and BHP), should only be allowed to lease land and or mining rights for a given period. But by the same token, they should be able to enjoy standard taxation levels for corporations. They would effectively pay their super taxes through their mining leases and land rents. They would not own our land and could be thrown out if they become obstreperous.

    The proposed super taxes will have the unintended consequences of inducing the major miners to move their operations to some poor African or South American nation and Australia will lose out totally. With the help of the international bankers, which I believe now beneficially control most major Australian miners, BHP is now the largest miner in the world. It couldn’t really care less if the Australian Govt decides to change its tax rates. It will vote with its feet and go somewhere else to dig its holes. The major miners, irrespective of where they are listed, are global entities which make their profits where they get the greatest exploitative return. Let them earn their profits here; just don’t allow them to own the land.

  8. Pete WN

    Less tax breaks for real-estate, and more incentives for shares might encourage more Aussie ownership of these companies that profit off mining.

    Wealthy investors buying their second or third investment property might put their funds into a profit-generating company that employs people, instead of a house which generates nothing except shelter.

  9. Graeme Orr

    The MSM is but a congenitally incompetent headline machine these days. Almost all page 1 reporting has been ‘Miners slugged for super boost’ as if Consolidated Revenue will fund the 12%. (As to which how many employers already pay above 9%?)

    I’m curious: when commodity prices fall and the RRT gives way, what will cover the hole created by a company tax reduction equivalent to over 6% of such revenue?

  10. mook schanker

    The point about the proposed mining tax is that it applies to excessive profits. This is pretty similar to private public partnership profit sharing, where excessive profit sharing is distributed between the owner (us) and the operator (miners). This provides incentive for efficient production and pain/gain sharing with suitable allocation of risk. If the base price we get for a mining operation is less after this tax, well I’m happy considering mining profit has rocketed from $8b to $80b p.a and the status quo profit sharing has remained the same…It is the Government (peoples) asset by the way…..

    If miners threaten to go offshore, well go for it, as I doubt the risk adjusted pricing following this mining tax will magically sway overseas projects as significantly more profitable….

  11. Rush Limbugh

    Somehow we have forgotten that non of this has made our tax system simpler or fairer…

    I mean we have re-distributed some wealth, and obviously with the PM throwing around terms like “super-profit” we know he has been re-reading Marx’s seminal socialist classic Das Kapital.

    When the new tax was announced was it just me or was Ken Henry looking like a man who had just been told his ideas were not going to be implemented?Poor bloke, he thought he was undertaking Gods work, he does his job correctly and then he is politely told to shut up.

    Socialist High command does not like to be criticised.

  12. Frank Campbell

    “at least most of the Rudd government’s new initiatives have been one-offs such as pink batts and the building education revolution.”

    Ironic I trust Mr Mayne. Any more fiascos like pink batts, green loans and million dollar portables might sink Rudd. And after such a big favour from Abbott! Abbott rescued Rudd from the biggest rortfest of all: the ETS. (Turnbull’s return is bad news for Rudd, because it might resuscitate the slobbering ETS monster when Abbott loses the election and Macquoleon takes over)

    Rudd’s hubris and incompetence (he is after all a provincial bureaucrat unacquainted with the noxious real world, such as the building industry) is outweighed by Abbott’s ideological zealotry. Another gift to Rudd: Abbott slamming the long-overdue supertax on miners. Santamaria would be proud of his love-child. Purity before power, right Tony?

    How about a Third Party then? The Greens? Alas, still distracted by climate millenarianism (remember that? The end of the world- now postponed because of difficulties in the Australian Senate)

  13. Elan

    The harsh reality is,- that big business will go off shore, if it does not get its own way. BUT:

    the mineco’s?? Nah! While there’s ‘gold’ in them thar’ hills, there is a great deal of dosh to be made.

    And there is ‘gold’, they know it. Rudd knows it, and he’s ..er, banking on it!

    Sooo, they will go through their usual hellfire and brimstone threat, and then settle down.

    I only hope that Ruddco holds his ground. He has a rotten habit of changing his mind.

  14. Rick Hosking

    Micka, I think you mean punctuate.

  15. Daniel

    Please post your picture Rush Limbugh,

  16. goodcommunity

    Stephen, you are probably correct that the average Aussie will think that this is ok. All good electioneering. You applauded “Picking on the foreigner” rather than use your article to remark on the similarity to Tampa or refugee bashing that was also good electioneering. The real sadness of the government’s response to the Henry report is that political spin and electioneering has over-ruled good government and the chance to remedy major parts of our inefficient tax system.

  17. zut alors

    Salient points made by several contributors here.

    I agree with John Carusi; Australia’s social & political stability is our great advantage over other resource-rich countries. The mining companies should be paying a premium to operate within that structure.

  18. JamesH

    Rush Limbugh: “I mean we have re-distributed some wealth, and obviously with the PM throwing around terms like “super-profit” we know he has been re-reading Marx’s seminal socialist classic Das Kapital. ”

    Actually, he would have been reading Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Henry George and Milton Friedman on the importance of taxing rents. Learn some economic history.

  19. EngineeringReality

    If, as some people are crying, that the mining companies will leave Australia and head to where there is money to be made in mines overseas – well guess what?

    Thats right – the miners are ALREADY there as well.

    The global mining companies have already scoured the globe for any money to be made from digging up minerals.

    They are crawling all over sub-Saharan Africa, over Bolivia and South America, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, New Guinea, and drueling over Alaska, Antarctica, the Arctic and underneath the ocean. As soon as the technology is available to make a resource exploitable they are putting immense pressure on governments to get in and get the “gold in them thar hills”.

    An increase in taxes in Australia isn’t going to change anything that the miners do. Maybe some projects will look less commercially viable in Australia, but thats not a bad thing – less of our environment being plundered and wrecked.

    (Was a BHP investor till yesterday until stop loss sold me out of it)

  20. Eponymous

    I think people making an issue out of the recommendations not being taken up, and Ken’s unhappiness, must operate outside the Public Service.

    Ken is a PS of MANY years, under Governments of different hues. He knows the drill and is probably happy about it. His job was to make recommendations. Seems he did that very well. Our PM’s job is to act or not on those recommendations. Ken knows that this is not his job and that his job is over. This is how democracy works, good or bad.

  21. EddyAl

    One no export item we get no money for but they get it for free -Water. Which if any mines pay for the water they use. I suspect none. Even it we own 13% of it because it is free we get not a brass, zink lead gold razzoo for

    Tax the bastards I say if what is now not ours they get for free. Damn I am sick of this

  22. Mre_Jarvie

    Raising the tax on mining companies will not automatically create more tax revenue. Raising the tax may also cause some Australians to lose their jobs.

    The mining companies will look at each of their projects, and determine how much projected revenue will be taken by the higher tax. If the profit margin is then too small, the project will not go forward. This means that new operations will be postponed, and some existing operations will be shut down.

    Projects that don’t happen don’t produce tax revenue. Projects that don’t happen don’t create and maintain jobs.

    Before this tax is approved, someone must determine how many projects will be shut in because of it.

  23. cycl0ne184

    Of BHP’s 3,356,081,497 shares on issue, 65% are owned by Australian investors, Australian companies or Australian super and pension funds.

    BHP paid $6.3b in Australian company, state and other taxes last year. Mining companies collectively paid 16% or all corporate income tax in the same period. That industry more than any other funded the ‘nation building’ and stimulus spending that saw Rudd & Swan turn a $19.7b surplus into a $32.1b deficit in one year. And we now know that billions of that was wasted by mismanagement and an inability to deliver on all the big talk and grandiose schemes.

    The RSPT has already undermined foreign investment, hurt millions of Australians via their super funds which are heavily invested in BHP, RIO, FMG et al, and will cost tens of thousands of jobs. Rather than riding the mining boom back to surplus by simply leaving the industry to get on with delivering already massive taxes his hansonesque populist policy is going to alter the staus quo and the RSPT will be just another example of a Rudd disaster.


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