The violence of the Mumbai terror attacks may have ended, but the fallout is just beginning.

Bollywood actress Maninee Misra is scared and angry. I want to ask how much more we are expected to take in the name of religious separatism and hatred. I want to ask our leaders: how long are you going to put us in the line of fire? How long are you going to sacrifice innocent lives? Why are the voices, so loud when asking for our votes, silent now? — Guardian

What’s behind the rise of terrorism in India? With an Indian election approaching, a natural time for militants to make a statement, there’s little reason to believe the Mumbai killings were the last attack. The first foreign-policy crisis of the Obama administration may have arrived early. — Joshua Kurlantzick, The New Republic

Mumbai: The perils of blaming Pakistan. Most Pakistanis reacted with horror to news of the Mumbai killing spree starting Wednesday, having lived through equally devastating attacks on their own soil. But that initial sympathy quickly gave way to hostility as the focus of blame landed on Pakistan — a knee-jerk first reaction, rather than one based on any solid evidence. — Aryn Baker, Time

Applying the lessons of 9/11 to Mumbai. Perhaps the Mumbai gunmen will, like some of the Afghan Taliban, also turn out to be members of a homegrown, locally based, ad hoc organization, with its own eccentric goals and training methods. Or perhaps they really will turn out to belong to a definite group with a clear ideology, which would of course be easier all around. Surely the point, though, is that we should be well-prepared to deal with either—and wary of mistaking one for the other. —  Anne Applebaum, Slate

Mumbai attacks are a call to arms. The problems of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh are now bleeding into one another, and any purely national approach is not going to work. The best outcome of these attacks would be if they spurred cooperation and reform. If instead they feed rivalry, bitterness and finger-pointing, the victims will have died in vain, and there will be more victims and an insecure neighborhood. — Newsweek

Bombay burning. The spirit of Bombay is a cliché — I have used it in the past, but I mean it as a compliment — and its citizens have earned it, and deserve to wear that medal. The shame is its politicians’. — Far Eastern Economic Review

This is an Indian atrocity – not the West’s. As the drama unfolded, Indian TV commentators veered towards the sensational, frequently invoking “9/11”. Whereas attacks in the past mostly hit the marketplaces and trains of the lower middle class and poor – the “overcrowded parts” of the country, as one news anchor indelicately put it – never before have the more genteel climes of Indian society been so brutally assaulted. — Kanishk Tharoor, Independent

Go to the source. Even if one presumes that elements in the Pakistani government are not involved in the attacks, evidence points to Pakistani soil being used to mount these attacks on India. Islamabad can’t escape without accounting for this. — editorial, Times of India