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Jesus is coming — to your local primary school

The government is all about austerity — except when it comes to putting Christian chaplains in state schools. We investigate how the scheme works, who’s using it, and how you become a chaplain.

Interested in a taxpayer-funded job in a state school? There are some going, and here are the prerequisites:

  • subscribe to one or both of the creeds of the Christian church (Apostles’ Creed and/or Nicene Creed);
  • demonstrate a living and personal relationship with Jesus Christ;
  • demonstrate strong Christian character evidenced by “servant leadership”; and
  • demonstrated ability to apply the teachings of the Bible to real-life situations.

Unfortunately, if you’re not up with the Nicene Creed then you can’t be a chaplain in a state school. At least not with the Scripture Union Queensland, one of the major chaplain providers (these are just some of its prerequisites).

But there’s great news for Christians who want to get their message out to children. In a tough budget that stripped the dole from unemployed people, levied a tax on GP visits and cut funding to uni students, the federal government has spent $244 million putting religious chaplains in schools.

So Crikey decided to dig around on how the scheme works, who these chaplains are, and what they’re up to.

The scheme was brought in by the Howard government in 2007 and continued by Labor, which allowed secular welfare workers to be hired as well as chaplains. The Abbott government has banned secular workers from the scheme.

Any school can apply for a chaplain; none are forced to, and not all schools get one. Most chaplains work one to three days a week with a few full-time. Schools get about $20,000 a year to hire one. The positions are usually paid.

Interestingly, the scheme’s formal guidelines are quite prescriptive — in theory. Only students with a signed consent form can be involved with the chaplain. The chaplain offers student welfare services and “spiritual guidance”. Chaplains sign a code of conduct, including that they must:

  • respect, accept and be sensitive to other people’s views, values and beliefs that may be different from his or her own, including respecting the rights of parents/guardians to ensure the moral and spiritual education of their children is in line with the family’s own convictions;
  • actively discourage any form of harassment or discrimination on the grounds of religious ideology, beliefs or sexuality; and
  • a school chaplain/student welfare worker must not take advantage of his or her privileged position to proselytise, evangelise or advocate for a particular view or belief.

There is nothing in the program’s guidelines specifying that chaplain must be Christian.

All that might sound open-minded in theory, but the reality is that this scheme is putting Christian chaplains into schools.

The government’s list of chaplain providers is dominated by Christians. I couldn’t see a single provider from another religion. Catholics, The Salvation Army, “Young Life Australia,” Macquarie Life Church, Seventh Day Adventists, Anglicans, Lutherans, Scripture Unions, “Youth for Christ,” Genr8 Schools Ministry, Fusion Australia … it’s a long list, and their websites are littered with crosses and references to Jesus and the Bible.

Scripture Union Queensland’s website laments that “teenage abortion rates are too high”. In terms of prerequisites, “a chaplain will … be a person whose beliefs and lifestyle reflect a Biblical understanding of and a commitment to the teachings, life and person of Jesus Christ”.

As for Genr8, its website says it aims to help religious groups “strengthen their ministry in NSW schools so that many more young lives will be transformed through the Lord Jesus Christ”.

Access Ministries is more specific. Its statement of belief affirms:

” … its faith in God, as One-in-Three-Persons, whose redemptive purpose for the world is revealed in the Person of Jesus Chris. That the Lord Jesus Christ proclaimed in word and deed the presence of the Kingdom of God through mission to the world …”

The Seventh Day Adventist (NSW Schools) mission statement states: “Empowered by the Holy Spirit our Church will be characterised by spirituality, teamwork, ministry, nurture and accountability.”

Southlands Christian Church is keen to get out the message that “we believe that the Lord Jesus Christ is coming back again as He promised.” But watch out; “our eternal destination of either Heaven or hell is determined by our response to the Lord Jesus Christ”.

There is a certain parallel between some organisations on the chaplain provider list and the organisations being questioned by the royal commission into child abuse (the Catholic Church, Salvation Army etc).

So, who’s using these chaplains? A FOI request which came through last September revealed there were just over 3500 schools participating in the scheme, and 82% of workers are religious chaplains (the other 18% are secular welfare workers).

For a more detailed breakdown we’ve gone back to figures from the federal Education Department in mid-2012. Crikey has graphed the data, which shows most chaplains are placed in public schools, and mostly in primary schools. (This data includes some secular welfare workers hired under the scheme, but they were a minority — 15%. Soon there will be none.)

Number of people employed under school chaplain program

Queensland is the epicentre of the chaplain program; there are more than 1000 working there. Next comes Victoria with just under 750, and NSW is third with 670.

Queensland man Ron Williams successfully challenged the way the program was funded in the High Court back in 2012. The then-Labor government changed the laws to circumvent the decision. Williams is now back in court challenging the scheme again. Last month he told the ABC; “this is simply about seeing that the Commonwealth doesn’t keep funding such exercises. It got completely out of hand and has now cost nearly half a billion dollars.”

Amen to that.

22
  • 1
    Vincent O'Donnell
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:01 pm | Permalink

    Given those numbers, there are 3,555 chaplain places costing $244 million. That is $68,636 per placement but the schools only get $20,000 per chaplain.

    Of the government’s 40 pieces of silver, some one is creaming off 27.5 of them in ‘administrative costs’.

  • 2
    mikeb
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:09 pm | Permalink

    Seems like a cheap way of getting a trained counsellor into schools. As long as they respect the boundaries of not forcing religion (whether it be Christian or kalathumpian) onto a student I can’t see a problem. I guess many will be cynical but if so then base your cynicism on facts not bias.

  • 3
    Ken Eastwood
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:19 pm | Permalink

    Cathy Alexander’s horror that Christians might actually apply to be chaplains in schools is palpable. I would have thought the fact that a professed faith in which love, a desire to help others and support the downtrodden is key wouldn’t be such a bad thing for a chaplain. Is she suggesting that Christians shouldn’t be employed? Or that those providers of school chaplains who happen to be Christian organisations shouldn’t be allowed to determine who they employ? By all means take an axe to the whole scheme if that is your political bent, but to suggest that Christians shouldn’t be employed sounds like discrimination to me.

  • 4
    zut alors
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:20 pm | Permalink

    I could be wrong but, to date, haven’t the guilty perpetrators unearthed at the Royal Commission into Child Abuse all been Christians? Hardly a recommendation. The risks would be lower employing heathens in schools.

  • 5
    Cathy Alexander
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:40 pm | Permalink

    I’ve checked the Constitution to see if we are a Christian nation there. It refers to ‘Almighty God’, and it contains an oath which ends ‘So help me God’ (an alternative affirmation is provided). However, I can’t see a specific reference to the Christian God, or Jesus.

    Every day before Parliament sits the Anglican version of the Christian Lord’s Prayer is read out over both houses (despite the fact there are more Catholics in Australia than Anglicans). Read about it here: http://www.crikey.com.au/2013/07/05/with-god-on-their-side-when-religion-and-politics-collide/?wpmp_switcher=mobile

    So are we officially a Christian nation? And if we’re not, why should taxpayers fund Christian chaplains into state schools?

  • 6
    paddy
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:42 pm | Permalink

    I’m deeply distressed that not one Jedi has applied for the gig. NOT ONE!

  • 7
    Philip Hunt
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:42 pm | Permalink

    Is there something stopping non-Christian groups from having a Chaplain program? If so, then I agree there is an unfortunate bias. If not, then step up.

  • 8
    Philip Hunt
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:45 pm | Permalink

    There’s no such thing as a “Christian nation” any more than there is a “Christian deodorant”.

  • 9
    Philip Hunt
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 2:46 pm | Permalink

    Likewise, there is no such thing as a Christian chaplain, or a Christian journalist. But there are chaplains who also claim to be Christian, et cetera.

  • 10
    Cathy Alexander
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 3:56 pm | Permalink

    But Anglicanism is the official religion of the UK, right Philip? And that’s why a Catholic cannot become monarch? I’m interested in whether Australia has an official religion.

  • 11
    leon knight
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 4:33 pm | Permalink

    This program is deeply biased against non-Christians, and the concept of hell is frightening for all kids, as well as being very likely utterly false.
    Religious training is for parents on the weekend, school is for proper learning, including secular ethics.

  • 12
    CML
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 6:01 pm | Permalink

    The major principle here is that ‘state’ schools are SECULAR institutions. I agree with leon #11. If parents want their offspring to be brainwashed in ANY religion, they can pay for it and do it out of school hours. Alternatively, parents can opt to send their children to a religious school, and they should also pay for ALL of that. At least then, other children don’t have to endure having their minds polluted as well. I have teachers in my family who tell me chaplains DO proselytise - they see it as some kind of Christian duty!
    The secondary concern is that children who require support of whatever kind should have access to a trained counsellor or social worker. Assistance of this type in untrained hands can have disastrous results for the child concerned. It staggers me that parents don’t understand this, and could in fact be signing consent for their child to see one of these chaplains who may make the situation worse.
    As has been mentioned above, parents have put their faith in religious people in the past, only to have their children damaged beyond repair following s+xual abuse etc.
    For the protection of all children, I do so hope Mr Williams wins his case in the High Court, for the second and final time. This whole idea is an abomination, and a total waste of taxpayer’s money.

  • 13
    Ian Roberts
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 6:30 pm | Permalink

    Caveat clericorum

  • 14
    speedo
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 8:02 pm | Permalink

    It’s been said that religion is what stops the poor from killing the rich. Kinda explains why conservative gubments are prepared to throw money at school chaplain programs in times of austerity, when all their other policies favour the wealthy.

  • 15
    Liamj
    Posted Tuesday, 3 June 2014 at 9:07 pm | Permalink

    @ Vincent O’Donnell - thanks, that figure deserves wide attention, and there must be a journo somewhere willing to follow the money.

  • 16
    Lord Muck
    Posted Wednesday, 4 June 2014 at 6:15 am | Permalink

    It would be more informative and useful for kids to watch a nature video. Or let the Scouts and Girl Guides in as part of the program; at least the kids could then tie knots.

  • 17
    AR
    Posted Wednesday, 4 June 2014 at 7:23 am | Permalink

    I’m still waiting to learn what exactly these god botherers are meant to do, given the ‘prohibition’ on proselytising which would seem to be their reason to breathe.
    Mad Eyes Bernadi on Q&A tuther night was uncharacteristically silent when asked directly what they would do apart from count pencils and make paperclip chains.

  • 18
    Cathy Alexander
    Posted Wednesday, 4 June 2014 at 9:01 am | Permalink

    It’s a puzzling question AR. Reading the official guidelines, chaplains are supposed to offer ‘spiritual guidance’ but keep their religion out of it. This appears to be illogical. Why hire religious people then tell them they must keep mum on religion? It’s like hiring a school nurse then telling them they may not discuss health with the students they see.

  • 19
    RachelK
    Posted Thursday, 5 June 2014 at 7:48 am | Permalink

    Cathy you have made a particular point of bagging out Christianity rather than critiquing the Chaplaincy program in schools. This is beneath Crikey’s usual high standard. I think you’ll find that many Christians like me are long term subscribers and that your personal prejudices and biases need some examination. I disagree with the chaplaincy funding because it is an expression of a conservative political agenda. Why couldn’t that be the focus, instead of pointing and laughing at a faith professed by 61% of Australians?

  • 20
    Philip Jay
    Posted Thursday, 5 June 2014 at 8:32 pm | Permalink

    If you look up what a chaplain actually is, like what they actually do… then it is no surprise that Christians apply to be one… and get appointed to be one. I think this article is incredibly biased against Christians, many of whom, including myself, work in the mainstream marketing industry. Or worse still… perhaps incredibly naively written. I would hope it is the former, even though that repulses me, as Crikey used to be known for its very high journalistic standards. This article is, as the Poms would say… rubbish.

  • 21
    Mark M
    Posted Monday, 23 June 2014 at 11:37 am | Permalink

    So what qualifications do the chaplains need so that they can provide student welfare services tho? Do they need any at all? That is the real question here

  • 22
    rachel hamilton
    Posted Monday, 23 June 2014 at 11:40 am | Permalink

    These people are not trained counsellors at all. Vulnurable and troubled children and youth deserve trained professionals, not well meaning but unskilled chaplains.

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