The Defence Force can’t ignore climate change, writes Australian Strategic Policy Institute deputy director Anthony Bergin. A new report outlines the environment-related challenges facing our forces.
The 2009 Defence white paper dismissed climate change as an issue for future generations, judging that the strategic consequences wouldn’t be felt before 2030. That’s no longer the case.
A new Australian Strategic Policy Institute report I’ve co-authored with Anthony Press (CEO of the Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Co-operative Research Centre) and Eliza Garnsey (former ASPI analyst) — Heavy Weather: Climate and the Australian Defence Force -- argues the downstream implications of climate change are forcing Defence to become involved in mitigation and response tasks right now. Defence’s workload will only increase — we need a new approach.
Climate change is a change in Defence’s operating environment. Just as the ADF changes in response to shifts in economic conditions, technology and demographics, it needs to adapt in response to changes in the physical battlespace. Climate science involves no more uncertainty than other environmental factors in Defence planning. The ADF operates on “warning times”, so it needs to understand how environmental changes can affect risk management and prepare accordingly.
Climate change will require Defence to play its part as part of a whole-of-government approach, rather than work in isolation. Tasks range from identifying the threat and taking preventive action to reduce the risk, through to dealing with the consequences.
The ADF will always need to have hard-edged war-fighting capabilities, but it will also have to recognise the increasing requirement to become involved in capacity building, especially in those countries that are already feeling the effect of stresses and where climate change will have its greatest impact.
Increased frequency of inundation due to storm surges and tides with 50cm sea-level rise
Heavy Weather recommends Defence work with the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet and the Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency to establish an interagency working group on climate change and security. The group would focus on analysing climate event scenarios for Australia and the Asia-Pacific region in order to manage the risks those scenarios pose to national resilience and regional stability.
Having a senior ADF officer, backed by a competent and knowledgeable staff, with responsibility for climate change matters would send the right message about the degree to which the ADF is responding to climate risks. The navy’s Hydrography, Meteorology and Oceanography Branch director-general is well placed to become the adviser to the Chief of the Defence Force on climate issues. A key role would be to develop a response to climate change plan, detailing how Defence will manage the effects of climate change on its operations and infrastructure.
On the home front, Defence should audit its environmental data to determine its relevance for climate scientists and systematically make that data publicly available. And establish public-private partnerships between Defence, industry and the research community to develop innovative solutions on climate change adaptation. Climate scientists need to brought into the tent; a “green team” within Defence could work across the organisation to identify energy efficiencies.
And at the international level, Australia should work with like-minded countries to share best practice and thinking on how military organisations should best respond to extreme weather events. Extreme heat, floods and bushfires were likely all aggravated this summer in Australia by a shifting climate. The trend is likely to continue.
This isn’t about Defence having a “green” view of the world but simply ensuring the ADF is better placed to deal with the potential disruptive forces of climate change.