Crikey



Crikey Clarifier: how the parties’ policies compare on women

Whether it’s the women in Tony Abbott’s life giving interviews about “the real Tony” or Julia Gillard sharing drinks with the power women of the blogosphere, the battle for the “women’s vote” is already on. But what policies have been put forward that specifically target women?

Parental leave

Labor is heading into the 2013 election having introduced Australia’s first government scheme for paid parental leave. Since January 1, 2012, most working women have had access to up to 18 weeks of paid leave. The scheme sees primary carers, most of whom are women, paid the minimum wage by the government for that period, with the pay administered through their employers. Partners can take two weeks of leave at the same rate. Women and men earning more than $150,000 per year are not eligible for the scheme.

While the scheme is shorter and cheaper than many other countries, and critically, doesn’t include super contributions, the paid parental leave scheme was an important step forward for working women.

The Coalition under Tony Abbott proposed a much more generous parental leave scheme during the 2010 election. Abbott’s scheme would pay new mums (or primary carers) their replacement wage and super contributions for up to 26 weeks. If the recipient’s weekly wage is lower than the minimum wage, she will be paid the minimum wage. Replacement wages are capped at $150,000 per year, so anyone earning more than that would receive the rate for someone earning $150,000 per year. Partners would have access to two weeks’ leave at their usual rate of pay.

The funds for the leave will come from a 1.5% levy on business earning more $5 million in taxable income. It would be administered through the Family Assistance Office, rather than employers.

Childcare

There are a range of initiatives designed to make childcare more affordable and accessible being promised by both parties. Childcare quality is also a major focus after Labor introduced the National Quality Framework in 2012.

Heading into the 2013 election, the Gillard government has promised to continue the Child Care Rebate (CCR) of up to $7,500 per child per year. The rebate was introduced to cover half the cost of any out-of-pocket expense associated with childcare. After a rebate reduction and a freeze of indexation in 2011 and the following year of budget cuts, there has been some concern about the CCR being reduced again.

The Labor party has announced it will re-index the rate from 2014, effectively protecting the amount from being included in any budget cuts. The Coalition also intends to re-index the Childcare Rebate but hasn’t specified a timeline for this yet.

The Labor government has reduced the $5,000 baby bonus to $3,000 for the second and subsequent children. The Coalition did not support the reduction. It has also created a schoolkids bonus, available since June 2012, granting parents $410 per primary school child and $720 per high school child per year to help cover costs.

For parents raising children with significant disabilities including sight and hearing impairments, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome or Fragile X syndrome, the Labor government will provide up to $12,000 until the child is seven.

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) was introduced by Labor in 2012 and supported by both parties. Funding legislation is expected to be introduced at the May budget. The NDIS will not only benefit women living with disabilities, but also many carers.

Labor has created a set of new rules to better the quality of care in the sector. These include all long-daycare centres with more than 25 attendees must have access to a university-trained early childcare teacher. The party has also legislated new ratios of educators to children, with one educator to four children (under 24 months), one educator to five children (24 months to 36 months), one educator to 11 children (36 months+).

The Coalition’s childcare plans include a Productivity Commission into childcare and reworking the National Quality Framework.

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4 Responses

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  1. Pretty disappointed in Women’s Agenda and Crikey for publishing this narrow-focused article. So the women’s vote basically comes down to children, money and board representation? Oh please.

    What about equality more generally? No mention of human rights issues, such as right not to be sacked while pregnant because you happen to be unmarried and employed by a religious organisation (as are one in five workers in the community sector; the right to negotiate flexible working hours to accommodate caring responsibilities (children, parents, etc); etc. No mention of the continuing violence against women, in public and private (seems the solution when a woman is abducted off the streets and killed is to tell women they shouldn’t walk alone at night, rather than ensuring th streets are safe for them to do so). No mention of cuts to single parents payments and moving single parents (mostly mums) onto Newstart when their youngest child reaches primary school age.

    I get that Women’s Agenda provides easy copy for Crikey. But you need to keep in mind that Women’s Agenda is focused on a narrow audience - high wealth, professional women. How they view the hot issues for women this election is not what I would expect from a broader publication like Crikey. I trust there will be a follow up soon, with the focus on more than children and the bottom line.

    by FelineCyclist on Jan 23, 2013 at 1:42 pm

  2. There, there. Our secret genius scientist have gotten to Abbott and implanted great socialist value in his brain.

    He will help Aussie mums keep popping out babies to dig up dirt to build the Great Socialist Republic of China, and soon our nations will form the great Socialist Federation.

    Allons avants les enfants. C’est magnifique Kameraden.

    by Apollo on Jan 23, 2013 at 2:58 pm

  3. It’s a pity that no one seems to have noticed the link between the rise of short term contracts as standard practice and the widening gender gap. Short term contracts means that employers (even those praising themselves for their progressive policies) can easily eliminate any pregnant (or recently returned from maternity leave) employee. Of course this is never discrimination. It is purely coincidence that the newly unemployed/downgraded are almost always women, with children.

    by jmendelssohn on Jan 23, 2013 at 5:24 pm

  4. Yup, no reproductive rights, small amount about equality, fair enough….

    by Gerry Hatrick, OAP on Jan 26, 2013 at 4:18 am

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