A major new analysis of public source attendance data for Australian performing arts companies, published today by Crikey, reveals stagnating audiences across the sector.
Crikey analysed data from 17 large opera, music, theatre and dance companies from 2007 to 2011. The results will make for sleepless nights across the boardrooms of major performance organisations.
Most companies are shedding audiences, and attendances in total have declined by 6% over the past five years. Of the 17 companies Crikey surveyed, 10 have seen declining audiences since 2007. Perhaps most worrying, this figure includes all six of the largest performing arts companies with audiences of more than 200,000 annually. Australia’s largest performing arts organisation, Opera Australia, is down about 130,000 attendances from its 2008 peak.
However, it’s not all doom and gloom. Arts companies in the west are bucking the trend. Companies based in Perth are taking advantage of a booming economy, new venues and an increasingly culture-hungry local audience to record impressive growth in their total attendances. In particular, theatre company Black Swan has more than doubled its footprint, while the Western Australian Symphony Orchestra and the Western Australian ballet are also showing healthy gains.
The other stand-out performers are Melbourne’s Malthouse Theatre and the Australian Chamber Orchestra, both of which added significant new audiences in the five-year period.
Attendance figures for 17 major Australian performing arts companies between 2007 and 2011. Total attendances fell from 3.26 million to 3.05 million in that time.
Australia’s six largest performing arts companies, with audiences of more than 200,000 annually, all recorded smaller audiences last year than in 2007. The top six have seen audiences decline at an average of 2% a year.
Led by Black Swan, Western Australian companies are recording audience growth at a time when many other organisations are declining.
Another way of representing audience growth is to use a so-called “radar chart”. In this chart, 2007 attendances are scaled to 100 and increases or decreases are expressed as a ratio to that. The graph demonstrates the growth of Black Swan as the stand-out performer.
Radar chart showing companies’ audience movements. Figures are in percentages with 2007 audiences for each company scaled to 100.
Let’s look at a few individual companies to get an idea of the various trajectories. The Australian Chamber Orchestra is by far the best-performing east-coast company, with a strongly growing audience base driven by expanding touring.
On the other hand, Opera Australia, the nation’s largest performing arts company, is well down on its 2008 peak of 559,000, although it has some sold-out Ring Cycle productions still in the pipeline.
In contrast to companies such as Black Swan and the Australian Chamber Orchestra, most performing arts companies have experienced slow declines in their audience bases, perhaps reflecting the generally cautious Australian consumer. Even high-profile companies such as the Sydney Theatre Company are struggling with audience downturn in recent years, as Crikey reported recently.
Longer-term trends may also be at work: Australian Bureau of Statistics data shows the percentage of Australians attending performing arts events such as classical music concerts, operas and the theatre has barely changed in more than a decade. The most recent Australia Council data for the sector also backs up this. According to the Securing the Future report of 2010, total paid mainstage capital city attendances for the sector were 1.996 million in 2002 and 2.061 million in 2009 — an increase of only 3.25% in eight years.
Whatever the reasons, the flatlining aggregate attendance data suggests that all is not well with our nation’s flagship performing arts institutions. At a time of ever-expanding options for the culturally minded consumer, our nation’s largest orchestras, operas and theatre companies face significant challenges in maintaining and renewing their audiences in the coming decade.
*Crikey approached 28 of Australia’s so-called “major” performing companies, asking for their total annual attendance figures for the past five years — 17 organisations replied. The companies were asked to provide a figure for their total annual attendance, including workshops, non-mainstage events, free events and tours. Data was then entered into a Google spreadsheet for analysis. We welcome further submissions to the database — all figures should be emailed with an attention to Ben Eltham in the subject line to firstname.lastname@example.org.