Itâ€™s almost impossible to open the financial pages of a newspaper and not read about someone blaming someone else for their own mistakes. Be it investors, highly paid yet poorly performing executives, or protesting Greek citizens — itâ€™s always someone elseâ€™s fault.
According to some, the initial public offering of Facebook, the worldâ€™s largest social network, was a failure or even a disaster. Andrew Stoltmann, a litigator leading a class action, told Bloomberg that the float is “the latest in a long string of events that is eviscerating the confidence investors have in the market”. That is, of course, to completely misunderstand the purpose of the float. A company will sell shares in itself for two main reasons.
The first is the “good reason” — that is, the business needs capital to expand its activities and importantly, the return able to be achieved on that new capital is high enough to justify the cost of raising it. The second reason is the “bad reason” — that is, the owners of a company want to cash out as much as their stake as possible to someone who knows less about the business than they do. (This is what happens when a private equity firm floats a company).
In Facebookâ€™s case, there was probably a combination of both factors (and also a rarely seen third reason, that is, Facebook was hitting the limits of the number of shareholders set by the SEC). In any event, from the sellerâ€™s perspective, the Facebook float was extraordinarily successful — it received a price for its shares that was more than what the market is saying they are currently worth.
Apparently, investors (technically, they are speculators or gamblers) who purchased Facebook shares are unhappy that the market value of their investment has slumped by 18% in a week. These investors have blamed the Nasdaq (for a minor trading glitch), the underwriters (for not disclosing lower revenue target) and even Facebook itself (who knows why). Apparently, those who gamble on IPOs should have some guaranteed put option — that is, they should only be able to make money, rather than lose it.
Of course, investing in Facebook, with an earnings multiple of about 100, was always going to be a huge risk. Morgan Stanleyâ€™s decision to lower revenue forecasts is of minimal relevance to the current valuation of Facebook — compared to current earnings, itâ€™s massively expensive anyway. But Facebook has a unique network effect and a virtually impenetrable barrier to entry. If Facebook is able to get its Â search right (Google is understood to be very fearful of Facebookâ€™s potential to encroach in its search realm) or if it can generate large transactions businesses (which is certainly possible), the company is capable of generating far more earnings that what it does from its over-priced display ads.
Patricia Arroyo, a psychologist who apparently “manages her own investment” told Bloomberg that “what shakes my investor confidence more than the [IT] glitches is to see all the institutional insiders and favoured clients get all the advantages”. Someone should tell Arroyo that insiders have been getting advantages for more than a century on capital markets, and a so-called botched Facebook float isnâ€™t going to change the status quo.
Closer to home, a conga line of complaining executives, from Myerâ€™s Bernie Brookes, to the Financial Reviewâ€™s list of all-star executives, are demanding another federal poll — apparently, it is politicians’ fault that Australian corporates are suffering from lower profitability. The irony of Australiaâ€™s captains of industry apt to criticise politicians shouldnâ€™t be lost on anyone.
A skilful executive would not blame a political landscape for their companyâ€™s woes. For all but highly regulated businesses, government policy has little or no effect on a companyâ€™s total earnings. If a company needs to rely on government largesse or policy, itâ€™s reasonable to opine that the company is not one that deserves investor funds.
The claims of Brookes last week were most amusing. Brookes claimed that Myer had been “talking to a lot of investors in the UK and US and Asia, and they are saying they don’t have a lot of interest in Australia at the moment because of political uncertainty in the mining tax, the potential perceived and actual impact of the carbon tax”.Â Sorry Bernie, one suspects the major reason for investorsâ€™ reluctance to invest in Myer has nothing at all to do with the carbon tax (which will have little or nothing to do with Myer), but rather the retailerâ€™s sales last quarter dropping another 2%, and profit forecast to be down 15% as customers flee to cheaper online competitors.
And itâ€™s a bit rich for Brookes to complain about taxes when the former owners of Myer (which were actually shelf companies domiciled in tax havens such asd the Cayman Islands) siphoned off more than a billion dollars of profit without paying a cent in tax. Meanwhile, Myer was happy to benefit from the Rudd governmentâ€™s $43 billion in stimulus spending, which came from other peopleâ€™s taxes, just not Bernie and his Cayman Island based mates.
Then we have the bizarre attitude of the protesting Greek citizens, unhappy about their government maintaining an “austerity” budget. Austerity, of course, is simply a fancy word for trying to spend less than one earns, not exactly an unreasonable request. And in Greeceâ€™s case, they canâ€™t even do austerity properly, with Greece still running a budget deficit of 7% of GDP. Meanwhile, the austere Greece still pays its public servants multiples of what private sector employees receive, and still has a retirement age of about 50 for women (and only slightly higher for men).
Letâ€™s not forget, Greece was only admitted into the euro after it enlisted the help of Goldman Sachs to come up with some complex cross currency swaps and other derivatives to hide debt from its balance sheet to meet EU requirements of having a budget deficit of less than 3%. Greece should long ago have been removed from the euro instead of being propped up with printed money — Europe has spent two years trying to remove its Band-Aid — there would have been far less pain had it been ripped off in one hit.
You donâ€™t hear successful investors or executives complaining about governments, or even worse, government inaction. Successful executives and investors will succeed despite government intervention, not because of it.