Mental health advocates finally have the big-ticket funding package theyâ€™ve long campaigned for, with a co-ordinated $2.2 billion suite of initiatives to support patients and identify those most at risk.
In a funding commitment in line with pre-budget speculation, and already ticked off by mental health experts advising the government, the budget delivers an additional $1.5 billion over five years — adding to the $624 million pledged during the election and last yearâ€™s budget — for primary care treatment, mental health support agencies and targeted investment in early diagnosis for young people.
The government has also promised to better co-ordinate services, with just one point of contact for all care needs. More than 400 new community mental health workers will be employed to assist an additional 18,000 people over the next five years, the government claims.
And as already flagged by the government, a new Mental Health Commission will be established to report directly to the prime minister on progress of the package.
The government has played catch-up on the issue, with opposition leader Tony Abbott promising a multi-billion dollar package at the last election. Julia Gillard vowed to make the issue of mental health a key priority in Laborâ€™s second term.
The government believes some 24,000 Australians are struggling to manage a severe and persistent mental illness. In handing down the budget, Treasurer Wayne Swan said they are at risk of â€śdisengagement, unemployment, family breakdown, substance abuse, homelessness and suicideâ€ť.
The information kit trumpeting the package, headed by Health Minister Nicola Roxon, acknowledges that â€śall too often, this nationâ€™s mental health system fails the people who need the most helpâ€ť. Mental illness accounts for 13% of the total burden of disease in Australia and is the largest cause of disability, the government says.
The package also aligns with the governmentâ€™s broader strategy of lifting workforce participation, with money for employment services to better deal with mental illness. The government says workforce participation rates among those with mental illness are around 42%, compared to 83% of people without a disability.
The government is also leaning on the states to improve its delivery areas, with a $201 million pool set up for co-investments in mental health facilities and services.
As part of a $343 million, five-year package of co-ordinated services, both Medicare Locals and other non-government organisations will be flexibly funded to provide care co-ordination and broker additional clinical and non-clinical services where there are gaps.
A further $228 million will expand community-based mental health programs, employing 425 new workers to assist people with mental difficulties live and work in the community. Personal helpers will be allocated to those on the disability support pension, while more than 1000 families are expected to benefit through respite services.
Psychological services receive a $206 million boost though an expansion of the Access to Allied Psychological Services program, targeting under-serviced areas including children, indigenous communities and poorer socio-economic areas.
Much of the new money will be devoted to preventative care, as mental health experts including former Australian of the Year Professor Patrick McGorry have long urged the government to do. McGorryâ€™s Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centres will be funded, along with an additional 30 headspace centres as part of a $420 million targeted program.
The headspace network will number 90 at the end of the five-year program, which the government says will have capacity to help around 72,000 young people.
Along with mental health, regional health services are the big budget winners. Around $1.8 billion will be invested through 63 regional Health and Hospitals Fund grants ($1.3 billion) and a new round of funding priorities ($475 million).
â€śThe government is working to ensure that demography and distance wonâ€™t be the determinant of an Australianâ€™s health,â€ť Roxon said.
There is also new funding for aged care ($55.4 billion over four years) and a $104 million package to make MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) services more accessible.